Why brighten Easterners?
Recently, the East European Shepherd exhibitions began to appear more and more often the dog with a significantly brightened color, light eyes, blurred saddle cloth. Many people are not seriously engaged in this breed, even believe that the typical Easterner, it is quite bright Shepherd, with light eyes, always white like husky muzzle. But this color is actually deffektnym. Clarification color indicates a weakening of the pigment, which is considered an indicator of the overall health of the dog.
When breeding Eastern shepherd breeders never attached much importance to color. This resulted in the appearance of dogs with a very weak clarified pigment and a mask, or even its complete absence.
The most common color among Easterners black & brown color with gray and tan. It was he who attracts the most people. And that is why the sable and black colors are not very many of favor, but it's nothing, it is through these colors, and you can save the black & brown color in the normal way. Of course, Easterners black and sable color do not look very bright and hard to acquire owners. Although, however, the adult dog sable color, if in addition it is well grown and well-built, in the ring looks very nice.
Practice for the breeding of East European Shepherd shows that the source of the dark pigment is black and sable color. Therefore, dogs with such Color must-use for breeding. Otherwise, the population will certainly degenerate Easterners and will get a lot of flaws and defects, such as light-colored eyes, no masks, Cheprak. If sable or black male dog to mate bitches clarified, that in this way can enhance the dark pigment in the offspring. Sable color is dominant, ie if one parent has the color, the litter will always be sable puppies. A two black & brown dogs, even if they have parents were sable, sable never born puppies. Sable color can never appear in a generation.
A bit of color varieties of East European Shepherd
Through many years of research dog breeders realized that the black solid color is recessive (repressed, minor) feature. It can occur only if the gene has a black color in the ancestors of both parents.
If one parent is black color and the other black & browns in a litter not necessarily born black puppies. But if both parents are black color, the black puppies will be required. Black puppy is born with a completely black paw pads and black nails. In black pups sometimes white spots on the chest and feet. If they are small, it will not be considered a marriage, and will only be a small disadvantage. White fingers with white claws and a large white spot on his chest like a vice to be black, and at the Shepherds of any other color. The appearance of color have chernopodpalogo Easterners unpredictable. From black & brown parents may appear chёrnopodpalye puppies. This color, like black, is a recessive trait. In dogs, this color often can be found grayish smoke undercoat.
The color of the dog does not affect its assessment of the exhibition. Dogs black & yellow color with gray and tan most advantageous to look in the ring: a bright range of colors from black to gray on the back, or various shades of red on the chest and limbs are very beautiful silhouette emphasize the Alsatian. Handsome and sable color of a dog in conjunction with a black belt on her back. A black dog, especially if they are well composed and correct in proportions, simply decorate any ring.
Alsatian breed standard does not give preference to any one of the colors. The breed Alsatian is very important to preserve all three basic colors. In a population, ideally, where the color is not affected by Shepherd fashion, the ratio between the standard colors should be 3: 3: 1 (sable: black & brown: black). Black Shepherd will always be less, unless specifically lead selection for this color. If there has been a shift in the population towards any one of the colors, the weakening pigmentation is inevitable. And in this case is usually accompanied by such symptoms clarification degeneration breed, as a weakening of the skeleton, elongation of heads, bulging eyes, loss of working ability and so on. Examples are the current state of color in the breed.
For example, at this time it is very popular among fans of black & brown color with gray and tan. Dogs are constantly bred just such a color, black & brown Shepherd knit strictly with the same black & brown sheepdogs and eventually with time get brightened degenerated offspring, completely devoid of masks with white-faced, white stockings on feet, a white collar on his chest, a white patch under the chin. In the future, and those individuals with disabilities go in breeding since no control over this simply does not exist. These Shepherd with white muzzles, stockings, collars and light eyes go further in breeding. They are knit with the same light defective individuals and eventually just starts to breed rapidly degenerate. With each litter there are more and more clarified dogs, white stockings are already on the floor legs, white collar on the entire chest and abdomen, a white spot on the chin, on all throat, etc. These dogs have frankly not much different from mongrels, but even in this position, the mountain lovers can not come to their senses and continue to breed more to roll to the bottom.
Defects associated with lightening pigment in Easterners
It has long been observed that many defects in the exterior directly linked to disadvantaged genotype dogs. These disadvantages include: a weakened pigmentation, bright eyes, round eyes and soft ears, which is very common in modern Easterners.
Experts should necessarily reduce the assessment Easterners in a very weakened color and push it on lower place and not because it's ugly, but because it weakened color often indicates faulty nervous system. It is among these dogs and there are cowardly cowardly or aggressive individuals who are subject to culling.
Soft ears Eastern Shepherds often talk about the imbalance of calcium metabolism, hence a predisposition to hip dysplasia and elbow joints. But in dogs with light eyes often cryptorchidism. It certainly does not mean that the offspring of all dogs with such deficiencies will certainly have Disqualifications or be sick en masse, but the probability is still much higher than in the offspring of dogs without such deficiencies. Therefore, fans of Eastern Shepherd should think seriously, "but where are we going?" After all, most modern livestock Easterners poor.