The problem of training is sometimes opposed many people. Some owners volkosobov wolves and even some breeders believe that learning is not possible. Some wildlife advocates also argue that you can not train a wolf. Others believe that the training one way or another takes advantage of the animal and humiliates wolf.
Simply, these people do not realize that the training will not make a wolf dog, as well as the killer whale will not turn into a poodle, or a horse in Chihuahua! Education is not just something that can be done with any vertebrates (and sometimes invertebrates). It is part of the socialization process. This is something that is critical to achieving and maintaining a strong and stable relationship in the equation of the animal / human.
With regard to dignity? This is a purely human concept, and it should not apply to the animal. In the context of the zoo, you can argue that this is not the place for the wolf, jumping through a hoop, or even execute commands "sit" in front of visitors. This can lead to the perception of an animal as a normal dog. On the other hand, it required to provide training to the public? Or better yet, can I use this situation as part of the lecture program to help inform the public about wolves and their direct connection with the dogs? Demonstrations animal / man is very powerful tool in a zoo, especially in lecture programs aimed at school-age children.
So whether wolves and teachable volkosoby?
The answer is definitely YES! Wolves teachable socialized wolves and showed all the signs of what they are learning, as well as any dog.
People can not teach wolves, if they try to use coercive methods, including fear, disgust and incentive effect. As a rule, you will not be able to get the wolf to do anything, but you can encourage him to do, well, almost everything, with some restrictions. In other words, you can teach a wolf to do whatever he wants to do. The trick is to find ways to ensure the desire to complete the task set by man.
Education is something that will first of all. It is integrated with the process of socialization, and it is stronger than strengthen the relations man / animal, much stronger than anything else. This may be particularly helpful in dealing with the aggressiveness of the animal, as well as in the event of tendencies to verify the owner. For some animals, proper training is the only means of maintaining sound relations in general. In any case, it greatly improves the quality of life for both animals and people who live with them.
Wolves are slightly different from dogs in several important ways when it comes to learning. In general, wolves do not have the same degree of tractability like dogs. With most of the wolves have to do a lot more work to get the same degree of safety as the dog. Although it is possible to train a wolf, for one or two tests, faster and with a more rapid response than most dogs, once the test has been passed several times, it will become boring and he was just gone. Save their interest, not to be distracted while maintaining their behavior, it is the most difficult. With a dog attitude for the most part will be: "The owner said. I will do it. The owner said. I will do it". And so again and again and again.
Dogs better than wolves take negative reward. Most dogs readily show complex characteristics often described as a "desire to please". Such behavior is likely to be a change in the behavior of appeasement, which can be seen in the young and low-ranking wolves in the pack with respect to the high ranking. Wolves, such a behavior of people, as a rule, is not expressed so strongly and reliably. You hit the dog, she wants you to calm down, you hit a wolf - he or retreat in fear, or show aggression, but generally will not show appeasement for this action.
Wolves need to be trained with the help of positive content and methods of remuneration. Being smarter than most dogs, wolves and volkosobov faster and easier to learn, although more difficult to control if there is a motivation to learn.
A particular objective may be achieved by a simple learning bait. It is very simple, you lured the animal bait, which can be a toy, food, everything you want an animal. The bait usually is in the hand of the coach. The animal does what you want, and then you reward him by allowing him to receive the award (or rather seize the bait).
Another important point for safety: Under no circumstances should a wolf or hybrid should not leave the security. Even well-trained animals can disrupt the learning process, if something motivates them highly enough. Wolves are very sensitive to the environment, and most will ignore the command if something interesting distracts them.
There were cases when wolves ran over a deer or other of its natural prey. Of course, this happens with trained dogs, but is it worth such a risk?
Another important factor is the mark of the wolf and their hybrids: Even well-trained wolf enclosure is usually seen as a potential threat to humans if they are afraid of wolves. Most people are afraid of wolves.
You can train a wolf a lot, but you can not teach him to ignore his instincts. Wolves are very territorial animals. Wolf, who was very humble, like a puppy at some point lose tolerant behavior toward other dogs unfamiliar. Hybrid will be somewhere between tolerance and intolerance, depending on the character. A wolf is almost always 100% intolerant of other adult individuals of the same sex with whom he did not grow up. Sometimes it even includes a dog of the opposite sex. The constant socializing with constantly changing strangers dogs can help, but reported the majority owner is unreliable with high-grade purebred wolves or hybrids.