The content of wolves and wolf dogs is not an easy task. This delicate wild animals, which are not adapted to living with humans. We spend a lot of time solving problems, people who can not care for their animals. Before purchasing a wolf or wolf-dog, think carefully about the obligations you take on and read this article. We provide information on this page as a resource for those people who believe that they can take care of wild animals.
Even captive wolves and hybrids need much space and freedom. Because of their tendency to howl nearby neighbors is not a good idea. The more land you can get, the better. High noise or proximity of the motorway create extreme stress for any animal, because they have the nature of a shy character. Successful owner will provide the land away from people, busy roads and areas of potential development. If the owner is not personally owned property, a certificate must be signed and certified by the landlord and the owner giving permission to build a permanent fortified buildings for the animals at the site.
Enclosures and shelters
Wolf recommended minimum stringent requirements for safe and humane animal in captivity. Cages should be convenient size for the animals and have sufficient strength to prevent escape. Listed below are the very lows. In our facility, we often exceed those standards. We believe that these minima be strictly observed.
Wolf captive volkosoby wolves and require at least one acres (40 hectares) of the free interior space (200 'x 200'). In case several animals stay together, the absolute minimum - 0.5 acres (20 hectares) per animal in order to minimize aggression towards each other, and sometimes to the owner. That is 3 animals = 1.5 acre (60 hectare), 4 animals = 2 acre (80 hectare).
Chain fence must be adjacent to the earthen barrier and rise at least six feet (1.83 m) with the addition of two feet from the less dense fence at the top. The total height of the fence should be at least eight feet (2.50 m). Presence of electric wire on top of the fence on the inside of the cage to stop the "jumpers" and "climbers". It is desirable to have a double fence to the wolves, which can climb or jump over a fence can not get enough momentum to jump over the other. Our fences are inclined inwards and create at the top of the canopy.
All primary fence and gate must have a size 9, 2 square meters. inch section.
Buried in the ground with concrete reinforcing mesh has to two feet deeper into the ground and to be attached to the base section to prevent undermining. Instead of concrete, the base section may be attached to the grid and lie on the ground extending to four feet wide inside the enclosure. Logs, rocks and soil (3-6 inches deep) should be placed on the grid, to act as a weight and prevent injury limbs of animals.
All inputs and outputs have to be double gates at least six feet in height. Valves must be protected and locked.
The secondary fence at least five feet (1.50) in height and five meters (1.50) from the main fence must surround the enclosure. This deprives innocent people of physical contact with the primary enclosure.
The enclosure must provide adequate drainage to allow the animals to find dry ground in wet conditions.
All enclosures are legally obliged to maintain a shelter. Be it a dog house or something similar, constructed shelter should provide animals a safe place to shelter from the rain, snow, or direct sunlight. Wolves and hybrids chew everything ... keep that in mind. They also prefer higher perch and look at all the top (such as cats), so make sure to secure shelter and safe enough for them to climb or jump on it.
Enclosures must contain sufficient vegetation and grass cover to provide shade animals, shelters and grass to eat. However, make sure that there are no trees or bushes is not close to the fence. The tree can easily fall on the fence or the wolf can climb on it to escape (yes, wolves and volkosoby able to climb trees when they are given enough time!).
Number of animals
Wolves and hybrids are very social animals. It is best to give them some sort of canine communication. If you already have a wolf or hybrid, consider taking strong and sturdy, mature domestic dog (german shepherd, malamute, husky, rottweiler, etc.). Introduction can be difficult ... volkosoby wolves, just very territorial and are in no hurry to trust the new members in his pack. If you try to place a new animal together, safer, divided in half enclosure with only the gateway to it. Place the animals on the different sides of the fence, as they are not used together. Be ready to start fighting prizabornyh.
At the same time, do not get carried away in securing his wolf or hybrid large flock. While wild wolves live in packs of 2-30 animals, aviary puts limits on the size of a viable pack. According to a study conducted on wolves and hybrids in captivity, you can minimize aggression between animals when they are in a cage 4 or less.
Aviary creates abnormal behavior in wolves and hybrids. The fence that surrounds and protects them at the same time can cause serious problems. Wild wolves use poses and rituals for gaining dominance and keep their rank in the hierarchy of the pack. When expelled from the wild wolf pack, for any reason, he may leave the territory and start a new pack. In captivity, fence keeps them. Without careful monitoring, captive animals can seriously injure each other when they can not leave. Always keep in mind that you may have to separate animals that lived together for a few days or years. Be aware that you may need to build another enclosure to house the animals, which kicked.
"Home" wolves and hybrids are good to eat what and wild wolves. Wild wolves survive on sporadic food - deer, elk, bison (Bison), and others. Even in captive wolves and hybrids are capable of, and benefit from, digesting pounds of raw meat. They need not all carbohydrates and preservatives which are normally fed to dogs. Raw, whole bones are a source of calcium and other vitamins, as well as to strengthen the teeth and jaws. Do not worry about feeding your wolves ... they're raw bones become brittle and comminuted when cooked. It may be hard to find elk and bison to feed his wolf, so you can rely on raw chicken, turkey, beef, etc. Do not forget that your wolf also needs access to fresh grass and vegetation to help with digestion.
Most wolf nurseries found that dietary supplements help animals stay healthy. In particular, glucosamine (against arthritis and stiffness), vitamin C (against infection and maintaining the immune system), fish oils (to combat the problems of skin and hair), vitamins A, B, D and E (for different conditions), alfalfa and Agropyron (to combat internal parasites), pumpkin (for digestion) and garlic (to control internal and external parasites, as well as for maintaining the immune system) is very helpful when needed. Any additive can be given when necessary into small balls of minced meat.
Another thing that most people do not immediately understand ... wolves and hybrids eat, and often enjoy the fruits. Many "home" volkosoby wolves and, as you know, went crazy with the watermelon. I even met a wolf who loved the pineapple.
Caution - Do not change the diet of your pet suddenly. If the wolf lived a life, eating dog food, it will be a shock to the system to fully adapt to the raw meat diet. Each animal has different nutritional requirements. Some require a pure, raw protein, while others need dog food, rice or oats for proper digestion. I even know an elderly wolf who needed a cat food, milk yogurt, goat's milk, beef broth and salmon. Talk to your vet, do not be afraid to try, keep an eye out for the integrity and organic alternatives, and pay attention to what your wolf really needs.
All animals should be provided with a permanent source of clean water. For horses or cattle trough with water, is attached to the fence. Wolves are capable of tilting, crush or bury metal containers. Most of the wolves and hybrids greatly enjoy swimming in ponds, pools, streams or large tanks. In hot weather, it is necessary to provide the animals with a reservoir of sufficient depth to lie therein, since they can not sweat and have a very thick skin.
Interacting with people
The most important thing to remember about the interaction with the wolves, and their hybrids: they are still wild animals! Whatever happens - it happens on their terms. This means that they must always have a choice - to interact with someone or not. You can not make a wolf or hybrid love you and obey you. You can only make a wolf he wanted to.
These animals are very sociable. Wolves and hybrids use my mouth to just ... there, to communicate, to bite, to play, to keep ... the same way we use our hands. First, remember never to take anything out of their mouth. Once they grab anything (your camera, meat, laces, anything), it is their property, and they will defend it. Second, understand that wolves and hybrids expect you to communicate in the same way that they did. Welcoming you, most will be pressed his nose to yours, look you in the eye, and lick your teeth. If they can not do it, some will bite you lip, while others will climb up to your face. Wolves and hybrids are shy and timid around strangers. It is very sociable and noisy around the pack members (including their human family). It has its own set of challenges and requirements.
For Wolf, the stranger generally unpredictable and constant threat. Wolf or hybrid, which leads to a contact with a stranger, much growls, grins and shows the intention to bite in self-defense. It is better to teach a wolf to a large number of people still a puppy while he is still very young, in order to communicate, it will reduce the sensitivity to most outsiders. When the wolf seems to be particularly worried or tense around the person, do not force a meeting ... pet probably has good intentions. Use wolf or volkosoba as an ambassador of its kind, showing people that they are gentle creatures, when they were given a chance, but they do not belong to the majority of human homes. At the same time, pay very close attention to everything that happens during the interaction with your pet to prevent an accident.
Conversely, captive wolves and hybrids see their human family, as part of his pack. They need lots of attention and to communicate with you. If the puppies have been grown in the house, with constant contact and support from your side, for the family can be very difficult when they grow up. When the wolf or hybrid gets so big and strong that it moved to live in a cage, and people can not always go inside, the animal gets the contact as well as in humans. They may eventually vent their dissatisfaction, defeating the other members of the flock or try to grab people over the fence. Keep in mind this problem from the beginning. If by the time you purchase your puppy accustomed to living in a house with other dogs you will not have this problem. If it's too late, keep people away from the fence at any time, except when you can enter and interact with the animals.
What happens when you get into the cage and the animal is so excited to see you that knocks you and breaks in the blood of your nose? Or a wolf sees his opportunity to challenge your leadership? Or acts very scary? These are complex questions that are difficult to answer. The real answer depends on the animal and the people involved in the relationship, and correct the situation. There are very different opinions about what to do. Here are some suggestions for potential solutions:
And remember, your hybrid wolf or not the dog, so the methods may not always work as you expect, but it's a good starting point.
The best offer for finding out how to interact with the wolf or hybrid - communication with many experienced owners. Everyone has their own ideas. Take what others offer and do it yourself ... find out what works for you. Always keep in mind, however, that fear, intimidation and violence will not do any good. They only harm the animal and make him a danger to others. Wolves and hybrids have a long, long memories and only one bad experience to change the way they see the world.