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собаки басенджи описание
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breed Basenji
порода басенджи

Information and History

Общие данные и История породы: 

Basenji - special oldest breed of dog. In ancient Egypt, the pharaohs and its revered by locals. They embalmed the animals, made caskets, figurines, and various household and cult objects with their image. During excavations, archaeologists have also discovered wall paintings with a Basenji and found that they were more than 5000 or 6000 years.

Egyptian pharaohs were buried in tombs together with these dogs. The animals were wrapped in beautiful fabric impregnated with incense and essential oils, and put collars on them of jewelry.

Historians have suggested that the Basenji dog breed Egyptians used to worship longer than for hunting. They believed that the Basenji are endowed with magical powers, so use them to commit ritual and for protection against supernatural forces.

Africans have assured that the dog gets rid of negative energy and heals the human biofield. Tribes valued not only for its magical abilities, but also for the speed, intelligence and for taking part in the hunt for small and large animals.

This is why people take these animals with them into the jungle as guide dogs and protectors from all sorts of danger. For them, they made bells special pumpkin.

Basenji breed is really special because it is not able to bark, has a special coat that changes the properties, depending on the country of residence. The warm light, heavy wool becomes silk, and in the cold rough and shiny.

About dogs in 1895 and 1937 found out the British and Americans. In 1937 the official recognition of this breed in the exhibition Kraft.

The Europeans saw the animal only after World War II and began to show interest in the Basenji. This primitive breed of dog they found attractive, and this is not surprising. Attractiveness, elegance and aristocracy to give her feet tall, slim body, ears, tail and wrinkles.

Pointed ears basenji like the "hoods" because they are slightly tilted forward and set high. Flirty tail is also set high, tightly curled it 1-2 rings and pressed firmly against the body. Some wrinkles can be seen on the forehead.

Basenji is black and piebald or tan, brown-brindle or piebald. On the chest, tip of tail, feet and sometimes white markings on the head. At the height of pets reach 40 to 43 cm. They weigh 9.10 kg or 11 and live an average of 10-12 years.

Previously, the Basenji breed called "Congo Terrier", "dog of the jungle." Today it is known as a "barking dog is not able to." But it is not so. In fact, the animals in the case of danger make sounds like barking. Most of the time they are silent. Perhaps that is why the ancient people took with them on hunting these four-legged taciturn assistants.

Basenji today often takes prizes at renowned exhibitions. The Americans removed about him touching stories, publish books, according to the world and to instill the love of the animal humanity.

Representatives of the world's elite, breeders, dog breeders and animal lovers find them very attractive, take with you on trips, often photographed with them and even pose for artists and fans.

This smooth-haired, small, elegant dog is not only a great hunter, but also a wonderful conversationalist. Basenji produces depending on the mood snort, growl, mutter, giggles and other sounds.

The owners love her not only playful, affectionate nature, especially wool, but also for many other qualities. Basenji does not irritate and does not require special care. Wool does not cause allergic reactions and does not emit unpleasant odors. Therefore, a pet can keep families with small children.

Basenji is very neat, as always carefully licks itself like a cat and has a docile nature. I'm used to move a lot and constantly running. The movement of animals is necessary, otherwise they may become ill and depressed.

The dog likes to play pranks in moderation and stick your nose where it should not. Most of the time basenji prefers to communicate with adults and children. In case of danger, she fearlessly rushes to the attack.

To his owner pets are very good. They often exhibit feelings of tenderness and affection. For strangers are cautious and distrustful.

House Basenji is quiet and very still, on the street likes to play outdoor games. He can not only walk, but also to train. It is easy to perform the most necessary commands, but does not tolerate physical punishment and intimidation.

The secret of rapid learning of this breed is a constant reassurance, reinforcement and rewards. Basenji do not like to swim and perform the same team, in spite of the intelligence and good memory. Parenting can be engaged with the age of three months. With age, these animals are much more difficult to train.

Particular ancient breed basenji can make all animal lovers without exception. Prospective owners should always find time to chat and walk with her. The rest of the dog does not require special care, does not bark and gets along great with people of all ages.

Breed standard

Стандарт породы: 

Basenji square format, but the dog looks highly leg. The format should not be either rectangular or oblong in height. Unexpressed and oblique angles, in any case not sharp and straight.

This breed without extremes. Any excessive deviation is unacceptable and should not be encouraged. The height of the dog at the withers 43 cm (17 inches), females - 40 cm (16 inches). Deviation of a few centimeters is unimportant as long as the proportions of the dog retained. The low, squat appearance basenji as undesirable as tall and emaciated. The ratio of height and weight is important. Male growth of 43 cm should weigh at least 11 kg (24 lb), and the bitch with the growth of 40 cm - 9.5 kg (21 lb).
The characteristic head basenji distinctive quality, because all its parts are proportional to each other. The skull is wide, with a well-developed upper jaw. There are holes and swelling under the eyes. The head should not look like a tight leather-covered skull. The ratio of length of muzzle to length of skull is 2: 3. Going moderate, muzzle filled with neat jaw. In basenji scissor bite. In no case shall a scissors or pointed muzzle.

Wrinkles are thin and numerous, best seen from the red-white dogs, especially puppies. At the tricolor and black and white dogs, they also have, but less visible because of the conspicuous markings and lack of contrast.

Nose preferably black, but it can discolour depending on the time of year. This should not significantly affect the assessment. However, light or incompletely pigmented ring around the eye is not acceptable, as it spoils the expression of the dog's muzzle.

The ears are small, sharp, soft and mobile, set high, the tips slightly turned outward; should not be placed directly on top of the head. Side kapyushonoobraznymi ears look somewhat tilted forward. The large, wide-set ears look ugly. Such a structure is wrong.

His eyes dark, kosopostavlennyh, almond-shaped eyes penetrate through. It can be easily found on the floor of a tiny crumb or watch the little bird on the top branch of a tall tree. Basenji of expression varies from tight to sweet and pleading, depending on his mood and inducement. Food - the main stimulus.

Basenji Neck strong, functional, with a well defined withers, not too long and not too short. She smoothly into the shoulders and proportional to the rest of the body.
Shoulders and arms are well developed, and the same length. Chest of medium width in girth, chest ahead full. The chest is long, deep and oval, in any case, not barrel-shaped and tapered, with plenty of space for the heart and lungs. As a result, the loin short, strong. The topline is level and does not sag. The supporting muscles are strong, not flabby.

Pelvis long and pronounced, its size should be sufficient to attach to it developed the muscles of the hind legs. Buttocks are the root of the tail abroad. The outlines of the hip, buttocks and lower legs together resemble the shape of a shell. Lower thigh is long and severe, moderately bent to the knee joint, metatarsus is perpendicular to the ground. The hindquarters are muscular enough. Not allowed thin, bony, with underdeveloped muscles, especially in the inner thigh.

Tail Set on high and tight to the rump. It should not look like it could fall back. Landing the tail is more important than its degree of torsion. Just one ring. Although two or three tightly twisted ring, of course, attractive.

No need to spin their tails. For some dogs it can cause pain, and no secrets shorthair you will not find.

Bone elegant, oval and very strong (strong). Heavy, round bone is also wrong as too thin and fragile. Feet compact, with arched toes and thick pads. This leg of the hunter to help him travel long distances over rough terrain.

The skin is thin and flexible. Easy stretched to the moment of danger basenji could easily wade through the thickets, not clinging to the branches and without scratching its shiny skin. The coat is short and smooth, during the cold season can be formed the undercoat. Wool thick enough to protect it from sunburn.

Caution in changing conditions (new cases) was necessary for the survival of the Basenji homeland, so they do not trust outsiders.

Basenji is fast reaction and negatively reacts to a sudden attack, especially at the rear. Defensive reaction formed many generations of survival in the wild, it can be extremely aggressive.

When you come to the Basenji, stay confident and friendly, let him sniff her hand. Such behavior would be appreciated by the dogs of this breed. Making sure your intentions in a positive, real basenji will behave kindly.



It is always balanced, intelligent and attentive dog. She is devoted to beloved master, but always alert and watchful. Noteworthy is its cleanliness. A stranger she would not allow themselves to be stroked. But do not be a rock and roar. If basenji something not like it simply avoid contact, leave. But it's not fear. This breed, on the contrary characterized by curiosity and fearlessness.

She has a very highly developed hunting instincts and extremely sensitive sense of smell. So do not pull up the dog when it is carefully sniffs bush. So she reads her the right information. To get used to a new person, and look closely before you start to trust him. But basenji is never aggressive toward humans. So are reliable companions even for inexperienced dog owners and for families with children of any age.

In canine society, everything is the opposite - Basenji will tend to dominate.

Care and maintenance

One of the main conditions of the Basenji are active long walks without a leash. Especially slozhnovypolnimym this requirement becomes due to the danger of traffic. Basenji not afraid transport, moreover, many tend to be instinct pursuit of moving objects, which becomes the main reason for the high level of early mortality among these dogs. Therefore, acquiring basenji, you need to think in advance protected place walking.

It is best suited for the basenji joint trips, where dogs of one breed are not only actively and positively spend the accumulated energy, but also have the ability to communicate schooling. For basenji pack - a natural state, so many owners come to the idea of ​​a second or even a third Basenji. The contents of several dogs in the same household also helps smooth the Basenji dislike to loneliness. Many owners known for the famous little dog howling, left the house, which is on the "power of persuasion" is remembered forever.

With proper breeding Basenji not capable of aggression to a person, it is as output in the rock centuries and even millennia - the dog attacked the man, in many tribes just ate. In Africa, the Basenji habitat is mainly located in the rainforest, where the ability to survive is the main criterion for the existence of any living creature. Basenji collaborated with African pygmies traditionally help them in the hunt. Good Basenji is very highly regarded as dependent on the skills of its people's lives.

Basenji have excellent eyesight and hearing are very durable, flexible, agile and fearless, unpretentious to the food - all these qualities are inherited from their African ancestors. Maintaining a breed in its unaltered becomes especially challenging for the European breeding. Since the beginning of the popularization of the breed in Europe, we have become a very strong trend towards the transformation of the African hunter in the home decorative rocks.

Such disregard for the history of the breed may lead to its degeneration in a very short period of time. To prevent the degeneration of the negative trends in the US and Europe, many breeders consider it their duty to provide the Basenji the opportunity to participate in the run for a mechanical rabbit (coursing), which largely contributes to the preservation instincts, typical of African hunter and strengthens the health and spirit of the dog.

Basenji is very easy to accept the conditions coursing at virtually any age. The instinct of the breed persecution is so great that virtually all basenji understand their problem the first time.

Basenji - a unique medium-sized dog with a straight line of the back, capable thanks to its flexibility, the cat literally run dvutaktovym gallop - gait characteristic of greyhounds - that provides it with a high speed and maneuverability when moving fast. Basenji unusually hardy and reckless, which, however, has its negative manifestations on the track. Unfortunately, the Basenji can be aggressive towards other dogs during the race, especially at the finish, so it is recommended to train the dogs to a running muzzle.

Parenting running basenji includes not only directly teach to the mechanical hare - especially since basic skills are usually given to these dogs is easy, rather it is a comprehensive approach to the maintenance and education of dogs. It is important to strictly monitor the state of health of the animal, to select feasible load, choose the proper dog diet, provide regular training to keep his favorite innate ability to think independently.

This approach may be coursing gambling fad not only to dogs but also to the wearer. It's nice to see how from a small puppy grow strong, confident, hardy dog, and even more pleased to know that you have done everything possible to maintain the spirit of hunting and sporting breeds, thus making a contribution to the preservation of the breed as a whole.

Basenji passed through millennia and survived the fall of civilizations and the destruction of nations, they proved to the world the right to existence. This small but powerful dog will always be there to make your life the same luxury as it was from the Pharaohs, and the same fearless and confident, like the inhabitants of the rainforest. The main thing - to be able to hear the call of the brave heart free.

Training and education

Дрессировка и воспитание: 

After purchasing a puppy basenji before many owners inevitably raises the question: how to educate your dog?

Here I want to make one important remark. In the world there are hundreds of species, but only a few of them have a real, not a marketing story. For basenji does not need to invent mythical battles against other gladiators in the circus arenas of the Roman Empire, or the way they stopped the advance of Tamerlane's troops in the Caucasus. Even during the Egyptian history of the breed, with the help of a proven scientific fact, not lost manuscript does not mean that the Basenji ruled Egypt in place of the pharaohs and priests. African Nela dog appeared long before the formation of the most ancient civilizations and of themselves are a true relic. We basenji owners are obliged to save for the future, not only exterior but also the quality of our breed dogs.

In the early 2000s about the basenji was created myth as destructive, not trainable breed. Myth proved resistant, so someone saw panacea in the use of electronic collars, someone driven to school by OKD and someone gave the dog training club in the 2-3 week hostels. But what a good shepherd or Doberman is not always appropriate Basenji. What distinguishes primitive dogs from the office? First of all rational and thinking outside the box. When excessive taming independent thinking Basenji is replaced by the automatic execution of commands.

Nobody forces take the German Shepherd hunting regulations, but many for some reason want to turn basenji almost in the official breed. A dog walking on his hind legs and to implicitly obey any command does not cause me a feeling of excitement or emotion. For me, this basenji - exterior resemblance primitive dogs of Africa. Staying outside the basenji, basenji, it ceased to be inside.

Obedience is necessary to achieve, but not the methods, suitable for working breeds. Therefore, we must go back to basics. Thousands of years basenji live in Africa, and there is not nobody teaches them to apply the foot, but it was the natives can set a good example to his fellow-bred dogs from Europe and America. At the historic homeland nobody humanizes basenji, dogs are always busy hunting and foraging. In his spare time on the force is not self-indulgence, the dog rest. At the genetic level fixed taboos, chief among them: do not show aggression to man can not be selected to destructive behavior. I do not propose to establish in the cities of our dogs for African conditions. It is impossible and not necessary. Especially our basenji have for us is not only practical value. It is important not to cross the fine line ends where the actual training begins taming. Engage with your dog yourself, do not rely only on knowledge but also on intuition. Basenji - Dog unusually intelligent and prudent, and if you find the right approach, the results did not take long to wait. And further. You can go through dozens of courses, get advice from the hundreds of dog handlers and zoopsychologists, but if you do not love your dog really then contact you with it will never happen. Try that would basenji always been in charge. Then the time for pranks she will not.

The same take your dog? In the world there are many kinds of trainings of sports, but not all are suitable for the Basenji. For example, in America there is a basenji, veytpullingom involved - this is not acceptable for our breed! Ideal types I believe coursing and agility. They contribute to the development of the Basenji breed qualities - speed, Thrill of the Hunt, lightning-fast reactions, good terrain orientation, instant make the right decisions in difficult situations. The only advice - do not overload your dog physically. The rule of the golden mean has not been canceled. The dog can not complain about the pain in my heart when excessive loads, therefore training or competition is required to monitor her condition. I do not accept hunting on ethical grounds. I think that modern urban residents have something to take your dog without killing defenseless animals for this purpose. Those who still want to experience the basenji in actual field conditions should carefully consider the choice of game. In its working qualities basenji resemble greyhounds, so it is best suited rabbits, foxes and deer. In general, a lot of ways to take a dog, you need to choose the most appropriate for you and preserves the properties of the Basenji breed.

Be patient, you love your dog, and the results will not disappoint you.