How did bullmastiff
It is believed that this breed Bullmastiff was bred using foresters Britain in the late nineteenth century as a tool that would help them put an end to poaching. English law is very severely punish violators, among them poachers, including the death penalty, so the latter often prefer to die than to surrender. To reduce the tragic cases, often occurred during hunting, it was decided to create a special breed of dog. To help foresters and Bullmastiff breed was obtained. These dogs are powerful and fearless as mastiffs, they are inherent agility and perseverance Bulldogs. Therefore, to derive new and unique breed and was used two already mentioned, proved a powerful, fast, and sometimes ruthless.
For foresters needed a dog, patiently expectant poacher to when it appears possible without fanfare have attacked him without fear or hesitation. Order breeders performed in good faith, but gave their offspring so much aggression and ferocity, now that poachers had been saved from those who do not know mercy canines. The new phase of bullmastiff longer had to bite and injure poacher.
The dog should drop the poacher and keep it pressed to the ground the weight of his body. Again professionals bit "overdone": bullmastiff had to train again, so he could not bite, if necessary, his opponent. And hardly ever poacher, if does not arrive on time forester!
Currently, poaching is not so much. Bullmastiff attempted to be used as a guard, sometimes - police dogs. This - the traditional view, which should be somewhat more precise, although some truth in it all - still exists.
Recall what traits supposed to get the new bullmastiff. It should be a staunch defender of the owner, the powerful, who does not know fear, violent abuser for his master. Its task was to find and catch the offender, that is, it is claimed there were such feelings as excellent sense of smell, consistency, swiftness. Fidelity was a priority. It is no secret, like voystva already been raised at the special service dogs. That is, the profile training bullmastiff implemented and used successfully there, in those kinds of activities to which they were prepared. Therefore, no specific data on the "new" dogs are not expected. In many countries, service dogs - German Shepherds and Rottweilers, Dobermans, many other species, domestic and foreign, have long and successfully cope with such tasks.
In the British version of "poacher hunter" was kind of the approach to the implementation of tasks, such as certain breeds of hybrids expected that these opportunities.
Adding the second
Let's go back to the original species. Both have been sufficiently studied, tested, and, importantly, very similar functionally. And fighting qualities and traits, and mobility, they were impeccably decorated and secured. Eger, in turn, had to get something else. Mastiff is powerful, but not a mobile dog. I do not hold anger bulldog, its swiftness is unmatched, but he lacked the mass to keep a person on the ground. It seems that the number of rangers there was plenty of mastiffs and bulldogs, for work on breeding Bullmastiff in the United Kingdom has never sounded like a government program or government order. It seems that the idea to get a dog from a hybrid of these rocks immediately struck many gamekeepers and breeders, or have already received Bullmastiff owners so impressed that began to spread rapidly. Almost always, when it comes to selection, there is the originator of any rock derived; for example, Ludwig Doberman - he created the Doberman; other authors. In our case, the names are not made public. Experts confirm that, for the new breed of the dogs of the same type, there must be at least 4 conditions: a significant number of specialists who are ready to breed a new breed for quite a long period of time; the presence of a considerable number of representatives of both breeds; its relevance and the interest of many consumers in its results; material significance of the results of this process. The subjects of the British Crown is particularly proud of the breed bullmastiff. This breed is considered to be "pure British breed", or "native English breed"; in removing this dog was also attended by two British species - the mastiff and bulldog.
Note the qualities that will have a new breed, very accurately predicted. If dogs do not fit the specified standard, inferior to the requirements, they just culled.
There is nothing unexpected. So always do when developing new breeds, in any country, any people. One can cite as examples of Caucasian and Asian wolfhounds and their means-picking, Bull Terriers, Russian Borzoi and many other dogs.
Most of the guides report that the bullmastiff was received at the end of the nineteenth century. Not all experts are inclined to trust this information. In fact, just in the specified time marked the first copies of Bullmastiff dog show. Began to appear of their documents, any clubs fans of the breed.
On the other hand, the crossing of these two species began much earlier, and so are also documented. Though, I admit, systematic breeding Bullmastiff started at the turn of the 19th century - at a time when, as we have mentioned, they have become indispensable. Many curiosities in these pedigrees. Thus, in a number of the original bloodlines mastiffs are called bullmastiff, which can not be simply because the latter is just the product of the first! In the first pedigrees documents Bullmastiff suddenly found Bloodhounds. But on the Bulldogs silent as a result of the mixing of the two breeds. Probably more customers interested in professional features of the breed than its purity.
Some manufacturers, which should be marked in the pedigrees of the documents has been specified. Perhaps the dog or was picked up, or run away. By the way, some Caucasian or Asian ancestry wolfhounds often ends third knee. We assume, for the same reason.
General view of the type and gender. Bullmastiff - powerful, large, bony, strong, balanced dog. With a broad and deep skull and muscular body, yet, it has a compact appearance. Height should nearly equal the length of the body from the chest to the angle of the upper thigh, and should be slightly greater than the height from the floor to the top of the thigh, i.e. have pronounced withers.
Sexual type pronounced: Males with a massive head, larger, more courageous, strong and powerful. Males should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. Females more feminine in addition, have a slightly lighter skeleton than dogs, but just need to be powerful and create a kind of a strong dog.
Type the constitution. Strong elements with dampness. The backbone of a strong, massive muscles relief, is well developed. The skin is elastic, free lying, but without folds and wrinkles. Slight fold on the shoulder and on the head when excited dogs and disappearing alone. / Bullmastiff is at rest only when he sleeps or slumbers home. All the rest of the time, especially when on exhibitions where many dogs, it's always - attention, alertness, arousal. Therefore, the presence of wrinkles on the head during a show at exhibitions in the ring - is perfectly normal /
The Canadian edition. Minor drawbacks: (M) - is not enough muscle development
Serious deficiencies: (S) - The lack of balance, lightweight and small bones, dogs in female type.
Character. Bullmastiff to be bold, fearless and courageous, reliable guard dog; attentive and intelligent.
The Canadian edition. Minor drawbacks: (M) - apathy and sluggishness.
Serious shortcomings (S) Anger. Cowardice. (These dogs should not be used in breeding).
Resolution. Height: The height at the withers males - 63.5 - 68.5 cm, females - 61 - 66 cm. Weight: Males - 50 - 60 kg, females - 46 - 55 kg. (Interestingly, the official website of THE BRITISH BULLMASTIFF LEAGUE (British League Bullmastiff, which is the main club of the breed and the receiver of the Old Midland Club Bullmastiff, was founded in March 1925) points out in English the official breed standard weight males - up to 90 kg, but rather all, it is - a typo, if we take into account the second indicator - 130 pounds (60 kg). However, anyone who knows the breed bullmastiff, understands that with the growth of males 68.5 cm and weight 60 kg, he did not meet the Besides the desired type, which is described in the standards and shown. It will be high on, leschevaty, flat, dry, with a lightweight skeleton, male. If you talk about bony, strong and massive, with well developed muscles and growth Bullmastiff 68.5 cm , the weight of a dog is in the chapel of 80-85 kg for males and 60-70 in females - when it comes to top performance standard) format is close to the square. Index format - 102-104. (Females have a higher index of format, ie have a stretched format than males, due to a longer waist. It is physiologically correct structure, stipulating nurturing puppies) The American Standard (AKC) states that: "All things being equal , preferably larger dog within that standard. " The Canadian edition. Minor drawbacks: (M) - the weight is too big or too small. Serious deficiencies: (S) - Height greater than the maximum value and less than the minimum.
Coat. The coat is smooth, thick, dense, shiny, short, tight, well protects the dog from the weather. / About the presence or absence of the undercoat is not said in any of the original standard. However, it is noted that the coat without undercoat, mostly happens - when Brindle and undercoat - when a brighter light okrase.Chem dog - the thicker undercoat. Therefore, more light, ie, fawn and fawn Bullmastiff better tolerate cold and frost. Tiger bullmastiffs more comfortable to hold in the apartment with them less hair during moulting. Shine hair more pronounced in dark red and brindle bullmastiff because of the distribution of the pigment in such a way that the light is refracted, reflected. A light coat and transparent areas it does not reflect the light waves, and absorbs them, however, usually bright dogs have no such light. Joking, Bullmastiff and light fawn, we call the "polar bears" - not because they are white, but because they have a similar feature of wool /
The Canadian edition. Minor flaws (M): a rare, brittle, dull hair.
Serious shortcomings (S): long, wavy hair.
The color should be plain, clean, without gray plaque ("Sable"), without the bleached areas of the body (cheeks, chest, lower part of the body, the inner thighs).
Allowed all the variations in color brown color: fawn (sand), red, red (copper), deer (coffee with milk); Tiger - in all variations (on a light background dark bands, and vice versa, on a dark background light streaks).
Color saturation and strips - from light pale to black. With the presence of all colors black mask, rising to his eyes, eyes black bezel that enhances the expression and ears darker than the main color (not necessarily black and Owned - darker than the main color!) - Are required.
A small white spot on chest permissible. Large white markings on chest and toes are not desirable, but not a vice. Other white markings: tip of tail and neck - extremely undesirable.
The official standard British Midland Bullmastiff Club of 09.1925 says: "A small white spot on chest and toes - are permissible." Therefore, during the examination, the judge did not take into account the small white markings on the toes and more extensive markings on chest.
The use in breeding dogs with white markings on the neck, in the future leads to the descendants of the white blaze or markings on the muzzle, which is unacceptable.
The markings on the tail are not allowed.
Disqualifications (plembrak): The color white, brown mask or no mask.
Skull. Large, massive, square format, i.e., length, width and depth of the skull should be equal. Head with lots of wrinkles when the dog is in the concerned state. Circumference of skull may equal height at the withers. The forehead is wide and flat with furrow between the eyes. Cheeks voluminous, well-filled. Stop (transition from forehead to muzzle) - is clearly expressed (side Stop provides a right angle, ie 90 degrees). Lines of skull and muzzle parallel. The Canadian edition. Minor drawbacks: (M) domed forehead. Lack of a pronounced stop. Serious deficiencies: (S) Narrow skull. Small skull. Muzzle. There should be a short, wide and deep in the same proportion as the skull, ie - Square. The top line of the muzzle is parallel to the skull, ie upturned and not lowered. Length of muzzle: The distance from tip of nose to stop (transition from forehead to muzzle) for about 1/3 of the nose to the parietal lobe.
The Canadian edition of the length of the muzzle is said that the length should not exceed 1/3 of the distance from the tip of the nose to the back of the head. / This figure in the English edition of "approximately 1/3". If we take as an example a head length 24 cm, logically, all numbers will be about 8 in the standard (7, 8, 9). But in the standard underlined that the muzzle is short, it means that when the head length of 24 cm, length of the muzzle is considered normal and standard, if it is any length of 5 cm and 6, and 7, and a little less than 8 cm. But 8 cm - the lack of a muzzle and be considered elongated, as the standard does not say that it should be equal to 1/3, and can only come close to this figure. More specifically, the length of the snout indicates the Canadian version of the standard. Too short muzzle, less than 5 cm can also be seen as a disadvantage, because the nasal passages are shortened and the air does not have time to catch up on a dog's body temperature, which may cause overheating or in hot weather or hypothermia during the cold / width of the muzzle. Broad under the eyes and almost the same width to the tip of the nose is maintained, ie, form - a square. The lines on both sides of the muzzle broad parallel (do not add a cone and a triangular face). End right around the corner. Muzzle, however, cut off at right angles, which is in harmony with the shape of the skull. Outlining the lips black. Mandatory presence of a mask. Nose. The nose should be wide black, flat, with wide nostrils when viewed from the front. The lower jaw is massive, square, wide for free dentition. The upper lip is raw, meaty, does not produce long flews (does not extend beyond the edge of the lower jaw) in the profile forms a right angle with the nasal bridge. The Canadian edition. Minor drawbacks: (M) Lack of wrinkles; too long lip droops below the mandible: a slight misalignment of the snout to the line of the forehead. Serious deficiencies: (S) too long muzzle, too narrow muzzle, lack of depth of muzzle (ie, small muzzle, like "duck" flattened top and bottom) Too short muzzle with depressed nose making it difficult breathing; upturned nose; nose does not form a right angle with the upper line smordy; Narrow lower jaw. Disqualifications: brown mask, no mask.
[Bullmastiff - ideal head] [The proportions of the muzzle Bullmastiff]
[Bullmastiff, kind of deviation from the standard head] [length and parallel muzzle Bullmastiff]
[Lips bullmastiff] [Teeth and bite bullmastiff]
Teeth and bite. Teeth complete. Large, white, strong. Fits in the mouth. Canines are very large, well located on the sides of the broad jaws. The incisors are available in a straight line.
In a normal bite: direct ("tick" or "tooth on tooth"), dense snack, snack with little waste. / The stendarte FCI and the English standard is not indicated in the figures Whether or not the value of retreat of the mandible. As no data on the admissibility of missing teeth.
On the issue of direct occlusion. When short snout, for example, 4.5-6 cm and 21-23 cm length of the head, the presence of bite - it is a short lower jaw, and as a result - not enough space for the location of the lateral teeth. Later, when the desire to obtain a dilution in the short muzzle bite, ie a clear tendency to a shortening of the mandible, could lead to lightweight mandible (terernogo more species), fine and deformations undershot, as the length of the jaw may be transmitted proportionally. Therefore, if we are talking about a short muzzle, the undershot and overshot with the departure in reasonable aisles - more correct both the anatomical point of view, and for the health of the dog.
If the dog has a muzzle of medium length in relation to the skull, or even more so if lengthen the face, the presence of bite more anatomically correct than with elongated muzzle and have a snack with more waste, ie too long jaw / When choosing a puppy, should take into account age features. It often happens that the dog bite schenyachestve "scissors", and in the future by changing the teeth and the growth of the lower jaw, bite meyaetsya. Ie to 1.5 years can enter the "ticks" (direct), and by the 3rd year to enter the dense snack or snack with little waste. If the puppy schenyachestve undershot (lower jaw is shorter than the top of more than 2 mm), it is likely overshot and will remain, it is a short lower jaw. If schenyachestve (aged) 1.5 months. have a snack with the departure of 2 mm or more, the snack will grow and most likely in the adult form of the dog will be more waste, more than 1.2 to 1.5 cm.
The Canadian edition. Minor flaws: irregular (staggered arrangement of incisors) or a closely placed teeth (nepomeschayuschiesya and bunched together). Small teeth.
Serious shortcomings: bite: overshot, scissors, a snack with a withdrawal more than 1/4 inch (0.64 cm), wry mouth.
Ears. They have the form of V, a small, close fitting to the cheeks, starting with the neck line. The width of the ear position is that the skull impression even more square, which is a very important point. The ears are small and darker color than the base color. (wrongly, many interpret that ears should be just black, it is not. It - darker than the main color)
The interested and alert, the ears rise above the line of the forehead and the end of the ear is almost at eye level.
The Canadian edition. Minor drawbacks: (M) Ears too long or too short. The lack of a darker color than the color of the body.
Serious deficiencies: (S) ears, wrapped back "rose."
Eyes. Dark or hazel colored, medium size. Widely standing, from the deep furrows between the eyes at the level of the lines of the muzzle. Mandatory presence of dark markings ("points" border) around the eyes that make up the mask.
The Canadian edition. Minor drawbacks: (M) lighter eyes. Close-set. Too small or too large.
ELIMINATING FAULTS: Yellow eyes.
[Bullmastiff. Ears] [Bullmastiff - eyes]
[Bullmastiff. Skeleton] neck. Well arched, moderate length, very muscular and almost equal to skull in circumference.
The Canadian edition. Serious deficiencies: (S) too short neck; too long. Fine in a circle and thin.
Housing. The body is compact, but not short to interfere with productivity movements.
Tail. Set on high, thick at the base and gradually tapering towards the end. The length of the hock. The bear's tail straight or curved, but not vertically.
The Canadian edition. Minor drawbacks: (M) too high lifts up the tail. Too long or too short. Too densely covered with hair.
Serious deficiencies: (S) The tail rotor (with breaks). The tail of a crank, throws back. Too low set tail.
The front part of the body:
Chest: broad and deep, well let down between the front legs with deep brisket. Ribs rounded and well let down between forelegs.
The Canadian edition. Minor drawbacks: for the body and the front part: (M) too many folds in the back.
Serious deficiencies: (S) too long body, ie, the extended format. Small breasts. The narrow chest. The flat edge.
Shovel be inclined. The angle of shoulder joint 45 degrees to the vertical line. The humerus should form a right angle with the shoulder blade at 45 degrees from the vertical line. Scapula and humerus should be approximately equal in length. The length of the foreleg from the ground to the elbow should be slightly more than half the distance from the ground to the withers, approximately 52 per cent. Chest from the elbow to the top of the shoulder should be muscular and strong, but not overloaded.
The Canadian edition. Serious deficiencies: (S) The lack of backbone. Disproportionately long scapula and shoulder. Right shoulder. Shoulders overloaded. Elbows turned outwards.
[Bullmastiff. Topline] [Bullmastiff. The forelegs and chest.]
The forelegs. Strong, with a round of severe bone, vertical, straight and parallel to each other, wide in; elbows are set close to the body. Pasterns, straight, steep and strong. Feet medium size, not closer together and turned inside out, with rounded toes, well arched. Air fingers are thick and tough. Dark nails.
The Canadian edition. Minor drawbacks: (M) Small razmёt. White nails.
Serious deficiencies: (S) Elbows turned outwards. The lack of bone width (thin legs). Bending and curving (not parallel hocks). Weak grandmother. Strongly twisted into the pastern (clubfoot) or out (great razmёt).
[Bullmastiff. Chest] [Bullmastiff. The forelegs. Lapa]
The rear part of the body: short on the back.
Croup: slightly arched, sloping, with sufficient depth of flank.
Loins: Broad, well muscled.
The Canadian edition. Serious deficiencies: (S) wobble ass. Bend the back. Highly-backawn.
The hind limbs. Rear strong legs with well developed muscles. Well developed second thigh (tibia), indicating the force of movements, but not heavy. Legs moderately bent at the joint Cullen (moderate angle of hock). It is undesirable cow hocks of the hind limbs.
Canadian edition (detailed commentary):
It is important that the structure, angulation and length of the hip bones, are proportional and in balance with the length of the bone and the angle of shoulder joint front of the body.
The pelvis (hip bone) should be tilted backward and downward from the back line at an angle of 30 degrees.
Thigh (thigh bone) should form a right angle with the pelvis bone. Tibia (the bone extending from the knee joint) should be at an angle of 45 degrees to the vertical line. Pelvic and femur should be approximately equal in length. The ratio of the lengths - femur: shin: = metatarsus approximately as 4: 5: 3. The length of the shank from the bottom to the hock, should be a little less than 30 percent of the distance from the bottom to the top of the pelvic bones. Hocks should be standing vertical to the floor. The hips should be wide, in balance with the shoulders and chest. The hind legs are strong and muscular, with well developed second thighs, denoting a strong movement, but not heavy. Legs dalzhno be parallelny to each other and have a wide hocks in balance with the front legs and body.
[Bullmastiff. The hind limbs] [Bullmastiff. A deviation from the standard of the hind limbs]
[Bullmastiff. Angle of the hock] [Bullmastiff. Tail]
Movement: Movement should be free, energetic and balanced. The body moves right, back in line. Neither the front nor hind legs should not be crossed or totter. Proper movement at the trot, no amble. Horoscho reach in the forequarters, the large amplitude. Stable back, unabatedly strong drive from the hindquarters denoting a balanced and harmonious movement.
The Canadian edition. Guide to exhibitors and judges:
On examination, the dog must move around at a sufficient speed, to show the amplitude of the movements and productivity, and not in a slow walk.
Serious deficiencies: (S) wiggle from side to side, pacing, interweaving feet when divzhenii (not parallel limb removal). Any weaving (crossing the legs while driving), front or rear. Unnatural and limited movement. (Dogs structural weakness, bad legs which is particularly well seen in the movement should not be used in breeding).
[Bullmastiff. Movement (side view)] [Bullmastiff. Movement]
NB: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. / At this point the emphasis on the word "apparently" in all standards. It is understood that the two testicles clearly visible, even without feeling /
Flaws and defects. Any deviation from this standard must be treated in accordance with the degree or magnitude of the deviation.
The amount of displacement depends on the definition of shortcomings and deficiencies, turning into vices.
If the deviation is small, then we can talk about insignificant (minor) flaws, if the deviation is too large, the more negative impact on the health of the dog, it is - sin.
* Cryptorchidism single- or double-sided
* Behavior: aggression or cowardice
* Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified
* Brown mask, no mask
* Yellow eyes
Classification bullmastiff in different countries:
AKC: Group 3 - Working Dogs
CKC: Group 3 - Working Dogs
KC: Unsportsmanlike - Working Group
FCI: Group 2
ANKC: Group 6 - Usefulness
In this article, I want you to write about the wonderful breed bullmastiff dogs, and about his character and temperament. Since I myself am a happy owner of two dogs of this breed, I want to share with you my thoughts and impressions.
So what he Bullmastiff?
In various printed publications, books and media you can read about the bullmastiff as a formidable guard, fearless lion or dog killers. I believe it is fundamentally wrong. Perhaps sometime in the ancient times it was so, but now bullmastiff people give birth to himself, to the soul, not the hunt for poachers! This is a "humane" dog is not afraid of the word.
The Bullmastiff combines seemingly incongruous, some controversy, but it's true! Bullmastiff brave, fearless, but at the same time cautious. Lazy and active, playful, but touchy. It is flexible, well-trained, but I think. If you want to make in training bullmastiff robot unquestioningly carry out your command, I can assure you, with bullmastiff this number you will not pass. These dogs are thinking, so the approach to training properly, set themselves the contact with the dog, and if something does not work, contact a competent dog handlers, is versed in this breed, otherwise you will ruin the dog!
Bullmastiff - is first and foremost an outstanding personality. By the nature of my work, I communicate with different bullmastiff dogs, and I can assure you, as no two people are alike, so no two are the same breed bullmastiff. In each of them there is something personal, special "highlight".
With regard to the aggression of these dogs. Bullmastiff have not, and never was wanton aggression. These dogs are quiet, durable, not brehlivye. I'll tell you the example of their dogs. When we walk with Eley and Zorro in our beloved grove, I quietly let go of the leash dogs, bullmastiff afar sees a stranger, but it will not run with a wild roar him, he stops outside the host and growls. Giving it to understand, I'm here, I'm alert, I will not hurt you! I quietly take the dog on a leash, and quietly drifting in different directions with people. And this dog is not trained to protect, they have it all laid down genetically! I think for the city is very adequate behavior of the dog, and more and is not necessary, because the Bullmastiff and so menacing in appearance, it is not a small pocket dog, to which strangers are stretching out their hands and ask to pet. Why do you need an aggressive dog in town? Middle bullmastiff weighs 65 kg, you hold 200 kilos in the snatch? For me it is better to let my protector walks calmly beside me!
So, on the street, we figured out how to behave bullmastiff, and what is home? Many people think that for such a large dog needs a lot of space. No, my dear, bullmastiff is compact, it is well and get along in a small apartment and a small house. The only Bullmastiff "myagkopopiki" and the place itself is selected in your home on the couch or armchair, many even allowed bullmastiff in his bed, for me is still a mystery how they can crook in bed, under the covers as the bullmastiff is not visible. House is affectionate pupsiki, sofa cushions, and loving posopet pohrapet. By the way did not meet any breed except bullmastiff, publishing such a cacophony of sounds. Definitely one thing: bullmastiff not for streets, not for the booth, not a chain! Bullmastiff for the soul! When you are sick or you feel sad, it will hurt with you, lick your hands and sighed heavily. When you are having fun, it will be fun together with you! They feel fine mood.
Regarding bullmastiff pranks and punishments for them. Naturally, the puppies will play when teething, they will chew on, all that comes to them in the fall! To this we must be ready. Remove low dressing tables and all that is on them, bullmastiff its powerful tail sweeps away everything in its path! Spend more time with Junior, the game switches to a toy, please be patient and sprays "Antigryzin", and perhaps will manage "a little blood." I still have not managed to save a few pairs of shoes and a pair of lockers in the hallway! CAN NOT beat the dog if you do not want to grow up haunted, cowardly animal! Try to negotiate with bullmastiff words, he knows how to listen, he understands everything, you can talk to him as a man, and even a sharp reprimand for bullmastiff enough that he realized that he was wrong, got excited! Suffice it to look in his brown eyes! For example, my boy Zorro, sometimes brings to cry, I Naor at him, he is to blame for the sofa and looks out. All his eyes said: "Well you're not the hostess mad at me? Can I get out of the couch and I'll share a boy? "
Another distinctive feature of bullmastiff, they later adulthood, up to two years, according to reason it's "Children", and it is not necessary to require bullmastiff more than nesmyshlenogo from 3 year old child. Up to two years, you are laying the dog and develop the best qualities for the future of his adult life. Sometimes, after two years as a substitute for the dog, bullmastiff, who showed no protective qualities and not guarded, starting guard and puppy "besёnok" as a child (like my Ale) is converted to the extent sedate "lady." These are the metamorphosis taking place with this wonderful breed bullmastiff.
Well, the last question that I would like to highlight how bullmastiff applies to children? Of course, for this you need to write a new article, but briefly bullmastiff loves children and allows them to do with anything. In my case, once it looked like this: we had a team of 4 adult bullmastiff. One of them was my girl Barbie at the time and had three girlfriends, we liked to gather together and walk the dog. My 10 year old niece asked for a walk with us, very much she wanted to run with the big dogs. We went to the dog area. Dasha is not just bully "poor gurgling" dragged their tails, sat on horseback, chased by shells, he raged. No dog is not even snapped, on the contrary they are willing to come into the game and allow girls to all, and when the girl fell, they licked her cheek! For children, they are very forgiving, gently and kindly, as younger brothers and sisters.
Finally I want to wish you one thing: no matter what breed of dog you choose for yourself, first of all love your dog, and it will reward you a boundless love and devotion in return, which can only dogs.
Bullmastiff - British breed, leading its origin from the Old English Mastiff (60%) and an English bulldog (40%). First of all, in the old days was used as a guard dog to help the huntsman to detect poachers.
Modern special functions:
The trainer must be able to demonstrate a strong will Bullmastiff, and to be consistent in their demands. This dog is very sensitive to the tone and intonation of the owner and trainer. Bullmastiff soon realizes that he is required to do, but it is not always in a hurry to execute commands immediately. He can wait and ponder why and why at this time the owner was required pursuant to this team. And also, can pull the time, giving the owner the opportunity to change their minds or change the team.
[A Bullmastiff Vasstif father Gore and Hemera, the son of Donata from Lefty Mitgarda (Motildy)] Health problems - you need to guard against the growth of hip disorders, sprains, arthritis, tumors, and certain problems volvulus century. These dogs have a predisposition to be overweight, so it is best to feed the bullmastiff two or three times a day in small portions, instead of once a large portion of food.
Living conditions - Bullmastiff feels good in the apartment. I get along well with all kinds of animals, including cats. Indoors bullmastiff substantially inactive, so it requires not so much space. Bullmastiff can not long endure too low or too high temperatures (cold, heat). Bullmastiff prone to laziness, and so it needs a daily moderate exercise (walking), not to accumulate excess weight and are physically inactive. The dog must have good daily walk, run free and play. It izbegayt jumping from tall objects, as well as taking the barriers. Bullmastiff dog is large and heavy, so if you fall under its own weight, possible injuries of tendons, broken bones and ligaments gusts.
Lifespan - about 10 years.
Care bullmastiff - not difficult, since bullmastiff good thick, but short hair. For wool massage and combing rubber brush with stiff bristles to remove dead hairs; shampooing only when necessary. Regularly check the legs, because they carry a lot of weight, and cut nails.
Raised bullmastiff - a solid positive emotions, calm and confidence in the dog for a walk. But to get the dog bred in the first six months of his life, it must be almost day and night to devote his time to his upbringing.
With regard to the method of training, then this issue is best to rely on an experienced instructor, trainer, or get advice by visiting the bullmastiff forum, we also tell you about those Ahaz, which for some reason, not all fans Bullmastiff pay due attention to or even forget about them. That's why, bulmastifchiku dedicating their time in the first six months of his life, the hosts can not think of spoiled furniture, a lack of sleep, torn favorite sneakers.
Bringing a puppy into the house from now on should be to keep all the room doors open to the dog used to the sound of house and learned to identify them. This is the sound of a vacuum cleaner or hair dryer, voice home, the phone rings, the hum of the washing machine or dishwasher. Do not protect your puppy from strangers, let him learn how to assess the situation, make their own decisions. Besides day bulmastifchik loves to sniff all the angles, to look into every crack, inspect furniture, shoes, to find out "what there is behind this door interesnenkogo?".
In bullmastiff congenital guarding instincts, but the owner must fix these qualities. In addition, the walk should not forget about responsibility to others, many of whom are afraid of only one appearance bullmastiff, although the owner knows his friendly character: the "hog" no touch, he just wants to fool around a little bit ...
At a young age a baby can get bored without their little brothers and sisters, so try to get the night under the flank host, nestled on a bed. Do not allow this, as it were, that would not be desirable. After all, in a more adult bullmastiff I have to sleep on the mat, but it has to be hard to explain why he was banished from the bed!
All new items for young Bullmastiff become the object of increased attention, they can try "to the tooth": Keep track of your favorite slippers, do not play "hvatalki teeth or claws." You can not play with a young Bullmastiff in game items tug teeth (with a ball or cloth). It might spoil the bite. Positive in bullmastiff be called their reaction to sharp unusual sounds. Puppy other breeds can be frightened and on the defensive, passive and bulmastifchiku be curious source of unexpected sound.
Position training "lie-fear the" for Bullmastiff is eliminated. But the constant and discreet proving "who is the chief" should be offered up in quite a confident manner. In the future, this will depend on the love and respect of bullmastiff in relation to the owner, and to family members.
Bullmastiff puppy quickly learns who his, and who is a stranger. However, for a walk, he can be linked to any of the "two-legged" as a young man of caution still prevails curiosity. Punishing a puppy for it not to be, it's a natural feeling. Just attract attention to themselves puppy squatted and clapped his hands, beckoning bulmastifchika. And when he run up, praise him, potrepite the withers. By the way, remember that if you catch your puppy, he will take it as a game and will run away from you. Therefore, if he retired, it is not necessary to reduce the distance, but on the contrary, it is necessary to move a little further and call the puppy to her.
Congenital security-guard qualities should be developed only when the dog's psyche is formed (in a year and a half), and has already passed a course of obedience. In no event it is impossible to tease puppy and anger, it will lead to the development of anger and aggression.
When bulmastifchiku executed two months later, he is ready to grasp "on the fly" lessons. This team and the perception of situations. But training should take place in familiar surroundings puppy because unexpected situations can cause confusion. Young bullmastiff easily distracted and unable to focus on is one thing, he learns by trial and error. Therefore, should not be required at this age long assimilation of learned commands or generalization, it will come later. If bulmastifchik decided to bite the leg of a chair, and the owner has forbidden to do so, the puppy immediately come to the chair leg and check: what if this is the right thing, and something you can chew? That's why at this age should not only regulate the conduct of bullmastiff, and constantly consolidate the requirements of the owner.
Do not leave interesting from the point of view of puppy things are not in their places. With great pleasure bulmastifchik ready to try the taste of mobile telephones, remote controls. Therefore, in a prominent place should be left only his toys and putting tempting items above.
Remember that raising a dog, you are reluctant to educate and myself, accustomed to a measured daily routine, to the order in the house. Therefore, it is not necessary to scold a puppy for his prank, the cause of which was your oversight. Always hesitate about the cause, and only then do "draw conclusions". Good luck!