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Information and History

Общие данные и История породы: 

Chow Chow - a unique breed. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that it takes its origin directly from the wolf. This makes the breed one of the first, primitive species from which all went to other breeds. Talking about the geographical origins of Chow, many researchers mention China and Mongolia.

It survived quite a bit of documentary evidence relating to the history of the breed. One of the oldest is a mural, dating from the 150th BC. This painting depicts hunting process, which involved a dog that looks very similar to modern Chow Chow. It's quite an interesting fact, considering that the modern representatives of the breed play the role of exotic companions and exhibitors, with nothing to do with hunting without a. However, the information that was able to get, say that over time, the purpose of Chow Chow changed more than once.

For a long period of time, Chow Chow remained inaccessible to Europeans. Closed-door policy for the countries of the "New World" for a long time did not allow to get even at least some information about the breed. The first mention of Chow Chowbrought to Europe the famous Marco Polo. He spent a long time in China and in Tibet. From there he brought a lot of colorful descriptions of the lifestyle and culture of the local people. He mentioned in his stories and dog Chow Chow.

After that, a detailed description of the breed Chow Chow could be found in the work of Hilbert White, dated 1785. He describes an unusual breed of dog, which a number of features much like the Chow Chow. Although certain differences from the modern breed is. This includes an elongated head, which is not characteristic of the modern representatives.

For the first time Chow Chow came to Europe in 1830. They were brought to England on a trading ship. These were some of the best representatives of the breed. The extraordinary beauty and temperament of the dog immediately brought her recognition from the British breeders. The interest in Chows in England, grew incredibly fast. Opened specialized nurseries, who were engaged in the improvement of the breed. The result had been that type Chow Chow, which we see today.

Pretty interesting aspect is the development of the breed its name. Scientists responding to the question, why Chow Chow, give a lot of different theories. Most of them converge on two main assumptions.

The first theory is that the name of the breed comes from the Chinese word "chow", which means "food", "product". Another Gilbert White, speaking of breed Chow Chow, noticed that in China at the time these dogs were used as meat breed. Some scientists claim that this tradition is like the name "Chow".

The second assumption explains the name "Chow" in that it comes from the Chinese words "Chow Chow." So in the Merchant Navy given different cargo imported from China, but is not subject to any classification. In the hold under the name transported antiques, jewelry, china. In one of the parts of the cargo were, and the dog breed Chow Chow and the name stuck behind them.

General characteristics of the breed Chow

In Europe, the dog Chow Chow no longer a unique phenomenon. For two centuries for being here they have managed to get recognition and fame. Their show at various exhibitions, starred in the movie, photographed for magazines. And despite all this popularity, met on the street, Chow Chow still makes people a shock and a storm of emotions, so unusual in its appearance.

Many people in the external characteristics of the Chow Chow see direct similarities with animals such as a lion or a bear. And this is not surprising. Chubby size, structure of the legs, a short body, covered with thick hair and big blue tongue really make a dog very much like a bear. Of course, this is just a pure coincidence, because incest is naturally impossible, but the owners Chow Chow such comments are very proud of.

Researchers who have witnessed such an interesting assumption, claiming that in fact, the ancestors of the Chow Chow was a special kind of wolf. He also differs from its congeners blue language and unusual forms. But this is only speculation.

Breed standard

Стандарт породы: 

Chow is a proud and independent, she wants to be with its owner equal relationship.

The dog has a large and very strong constitution. Appearance resembles a lion, this helps shape of the skull and the animal's hair.

There are two types of such dogs. One has a long and fluffy coat, and the other with short and tight-fitting coat.

Paws animal look strong and sturdy, the tail curled over the back.

Dogs of this breed is inherent in good health and stamina. Therefore, we must be attentive to them, if the dog is sick, by their nature, can long not to show it.

Chow officially recognized standard contains specific requirements for the dogs who wish to participate in competitions or exhibitions. It lists specific criteria apply to all parts of the body to the coat color, the position of the jaws, legs and so on. D.

Chow Chow breed standard as well speaks in detail about the possible disqualifying traits. These include dog aggression, shyness, narrow chest, if at least one ear is hanging the wrong color of the nose or palate. As these include any deviations from the established standard norms.

The breed standard Chow

  • Standard FCI № 205
  • Origin: United Kingdom
  • Purpose: a guard dog, companion
  • CLASSIFICATION FCI: Spitz and primitive types
  • Section 5 Asian Spitz and related breeds
  • Without working trial

General appearance: Active, compact, strong, significantly - well balanced, lvinopodobny, proud, dignified, stately; the tail is firmly on the back.

Behaviour and temperament: calm dog, good guard, bluish-black tongue; It is unique in its stilted gait. Independent, true, but still arrogant.


Cranial department:

  • Skull: Flat, broad; well filled under the eyes.
  • Transition: not pronounced.


  • Nose lobe large and wide in all cases black (with the exception of cream and near white dogs who have light-colored nose is permissible, and in blues and fawns - the color of the color)
  • Muzzle: Medium length, broad from the base to end (not pointed like a fox).
  • Lips: The lips and palate black (blue-black), gums preferably black. Language bluish-black.
  • Jaws and teeth: teeth healthy and smooth, jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, ie. E. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and grow at a right angle to the jaws.
  • Eyes: Dark, oval shaped, medium sized and clean. Eyes color color permissible in blues and fawns. Clean eye, free from entropion, just because of the size never penalized.
  • Ears: Small, thick, slightly rounded at the tips; widely and firmly set, leaned forward to the eyes and slightly reduced for each other, which gives a kind of typical for this breed frown. Gloomy view should not be achieved at the expense of free-wrinkled scalp.
  • Neck: strong, body is not short, planted firmly on the shoulders and slightly arched.


  • Back: Short, straight and strong.
  • Loins: Powerful.
  • Chest: wide and deep. The ribs are well-marked, but not barrel-shaped.
  • Underline: designated well tucked up belly. The loose belly is permitted but not desirable.

Tail: set high, tightly lying on his back.



  • Forelegs: perfectly straight, medium length, with strong bones.
  • Shoulders: Muscular and sloping.

Hind legs:

  • Hind legs: muscular.
  • Hock: point straight down with little corners that are substantially and produces a characteristic stilted gait. Never does not bend forward.
  • Hock: From hock directed vertically downwards, directly.
  • Feet: Small, round, cat-like, with good support on the fingers.

Movement: short stride and stilted. Front and rear legs moving parallel to each other and straight forward.

Skin: Elastic and smooth the entire surface of the body.

Wool: The breed two different species.

  • Longhair variety: rich, abundant, dense, straight and stand. Outer coat rather coarse texture, with soft fluffy undercoat. Especially thick round neck forming mane or collar and well-defined feathering on the back of the thighs.
  • Shorthair Variety: The coat is short, abundant, dense, straight, standing upright, not flat, plush structure. Any artificial shortening of the coat which alters the natural outline or shape, should be punished.

Color: pure colors - black, red, blue, cinnamon, cream or white, often with shades, but not in the spots (the lower part of the tail and the back of the thighs are often painted lighter).

Size, height and weight:

Height: Dogs 48-56 cm, Bitches 46-51 cm at the shoulder.


Any deviation from the previously listed characteristics should be classified as a shortcoming, so serious, how high the degree of its severity.

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault, the evaluation of which should be in exact proportion to its degree.
The dog must have two full testicles fully descended into the scrotum



The appearance of these animals does not correspond to their true nature. Some of unsociable moroseness or present in their appearance because of "nasunutyh" eyebrows and deep-set eyes, but temper them quite different.

For the owner of this breed, it's a good, fun and cheerful animal that does not hesitate to show all your love and devotion to his master. To an outsider it is distrustful and suspicious animal that does not weaken their vigilance for a long time. Chow tend to give all my love to only one member of the family, in which they recognize the host, with other family members tend to be a little cooler.

In the past this breed was used not only for hunting, but also for the transportation of goods in carriage as a guard houses, a shepherd for the flock, and even for dog fighting. Security breed instincts not dulled until today. Therefore, all foreign to Chow are strangers, and in respect of aggression can manifest. While on the other hand, with the right education of animal aggression or timidity is not the norm.

In everyday life, Chow did not show much activity at home, quite another during walks. Chow may be a day to maintain a certain detachment and a comfortable distance, while remaining ready for an active game or a walk on a leash. Moderate independence and periodic alienation is the norm for this breed adult dog effortlessly brings loneliness, but puppies from such a fate, it is desirable to protect.

Dog breed Chow can not be called "stupid", but their level of receptivity to training is really very low. Perhaps this is the result of a certain breed or independence from the fact that the dog has his own opinion about everything that surrounds it. But according to a study by Professor Stanley Coren, Chow has the lowest level of perception learning and development / implementation team, which finished 77th out of 80 breeds took part in the experiment.

Care and maintenance

Chow Chow breed is very practical in content. It is equally well will feel like in the apartment and in the yard of a private home. Chow neat, not capricious, does not require a lot of space, well adapted to the weather conditions (in the case if there are not at home) and does not require any special grooming.
Despite the thick coat of medium length with plentiful undercoat problems with it quite a bit. Thanks to its special structure, wool is almost not dumped and repels dirt well. Comb can not often than once a week should be enough, it is better to use a brush with a few teeth. Try not to wash the dog at all, except when otherwise impossible or before the show.

Choose food for Chow can at its discretion, the only recommendation: Do not mix with bought food self-prepared. If you are going to feed your dog ready feed, select the feed premium or super premium, that is, one that inspires confidence.

With in training, "the ancient Chinese dogs" is not so simple. For a beginner in this business, this problem is likely to be not able to do. Even professional trainers try to avoid demands for training these dogs. These self-confident and independent animals, preferring to stick to your own opinion about all of their surroundings, make the trainer "to extricate themselves from the skin out" before they become perfectly fulfill all the required commands. Given this situation, many dog ​​breeders recommend Chow teach only basic commands, which are not so many, and master their dog is not much longer than other breeds. In addition to training, the dog should explain certain rules of behavior in your family, what would she knew her place. The learning process of this breed is very time consuming and, therefore, it is best to start as early as possible. Formed year-old habit dog probably fix will not work (in the case if they do not suit you), so do not neglect the importance of early education. But this long process you will have to stock up considerable patience, the benefit of the effort pays off later with a vengeance.

Training and education

Дрессировка и воспитание: 

Puppies of this breed cause tenderness, but in the education Chows need a steady hand to your pet simply has not grown quite unmanageable dog. Therefore slabinku absolutely impossible to give, or the behavior of your pet will not succumb to any control.

Before you bring your puppy chow home, prepare for him a special corner, you can take for that box of plywood. With raising a puppy chow pull is not necessary to the case can proceed as soon as the dog got into your hands. Do not leave without punishment tricks your pet, so he knew what you can do, and what not, and for good deeds necessarily praise. Before you begin to educate, train dog chow to his nickname, but it is not necessary to call a nickname, if you want to scold the puppy, because it will aggravate the process of education, recitation of the name must be associated with pleasant sensations. It is also important to obey a command "To me", so it is also necessary to master one of the first.

Before you take out, train Chow to a leash and collar or even the first to harness the pores, it is necessary to start from an early age, differently then the dog more difficult to get used to new obstructions. It is not necessary to impose the leash by force, as this will only scare the puppy and can develop in him such character traits as timidity, cowardice, or vice versa, will be protected and be aggressive. It is best to use the game. Behavior on the street - it is a separate aspect of dog training chow. Puppies need a walk three times a day, lasting about half an hour, adult dogs - two-single walk for an hour. During the walk takes socialization Chow, so do not oppose its communication with other dogs, unless they are in an aggressive mood or not sick.

Although its current representatives considered decorative dogs, they still firmly linked with their Tibetan past. This is a very independent and arrogant dogs who are devoted to only one owner. They alienated the whole day, though Tibetan monks. They prefer long sleep, but love brisk walks with the games.

However, even during the entertainment, this breed is the most silent of all. Owners Chow rarely hear the barking of their pets. When communicating, they just pretty grunts. Occasionally Chinese dogs votes cast. It is their bass to shrill notes.

Although Chow stingy in the expression of feelings, they sometimes wakes rebellious spirit. Offended by the owner, they may refuse food, caresses and games. But relatives of the offense might even take revenge, a good bite.

According to studies by British scientists Chow less than other breeds tend to learn. The natural stubbornness creates numerous difficulties in training - pupils do not regret regularly repeat the same exercise. Therefore, they have to train for special programs. Only experienced and patient owners who are able to understand the mysterious soul Chow succeed.