Drathaar is the root of the German wire-haired dog. Its name "drathaar" despite the intricacy and familiar to the Russian ear sounds very simple and translated means "wire-haired". The breed was developed by the German dog breeders in the XIX century on the basis of such breeds as the ipoyntery, Shorthaired Pointer and shtihelhaary.
Quite interesting is the fact that drathaar are not native German breed of dogs, although the name gives every reason to think so. The real homeland of dogs with stiff hair, from which was derived drathaar, according to written sources, is France. It is here that were put first representatives of the breed, whose ancestors began to griffins and woolly cops.
Contribute to the effective selection drahthaar external characteristics of primary rocks. Dogs were similar shape, size and almost the same behavior and character. The result was drathaar. A new breed distinguished by their high hardness coat and a rather long mustache with a beard, which were characterized by their ancestors.
According to some official historical sources, scientists have concluded that drahthaar been recognized as an official breed in the early 1800s. Confirms this and a German scientist-breeder Karl Kegel in his work, dated 1829 year.
Drathaar are very versatile and useful dogs. There is a lot of information about that except the outstanding skills of hunting dogs are excellent herders for livestock animals. They are very patient and clever, never let out of the flock otbivsheesya animal, and just would not let anyone in the herd. As for hunting, this breed is used for hunting hare and wild boar.
But such accolades are not always accompanied by the formation. In 30-ies of the XIX century, the breed almost disappeared completely. Since German scientist drathaar Ziegler described as a very mediocre externally dogs, who also own bad character and underdeveloped hunting talents. These descriptions are not so much evidence of inferiority drahthaar and the then fashion for French and British rock.
With regard to breed, many breeders of all varieties selected precisely drahthaar. These dogs have a high level of hunting talents that they are inherent from birth. These dogs do not require special training seriously for use in hunting.
Many breeders have been able to see all the advantages of the breed and make every effort to further develop drathaar. One of these figures, details of which have reached us are France Bontemps, the owner's own chocolate factory. This man has made a fairly large contribution to the development and selection of the breed. In his nursery Bontemps deduced drathaar young puppies, which handed out free of charge to hunters. Those, in turn, had to return the dog back if the owner decides that he is not suitable.
In contrast to the followers of the German rock drathaar were connoisseurs of the English breeds of hunting dogs, among which are especially popular setters. The main representative of the opposition was the Earl of Solms, who popularized it in every way setters and pointers, which are grown in large quantities.
This situation drathaar lasted until the 1880s. It was during this period in numerous exhibitions became clearly evident that the German national breed are in the minority and are required urgently, something changed. Fashion darthaarov breeding and other German breeds soared at the time just before the heaven. In the whole of Germany and neighboring countries began to open clubs and nurseries, aimed at preserving and breeding of national breeds.
In just eight years, it was able to significantly increase the number of drahthaar. In comparison with the Munich exhibition of 1872, which was presented only two representatives of the breed in 1886 at the same exhibition the number is approaching thirty, which is an excellent proof of the popularity of the breed. At the same time being careful breeding work aimed at further developing darhaarov and development of new breeds. There were even achieved some success in this area.
German wirehaired pointers highlighted in a separate breed, also having a number of useful features, breeders immediately raised the price of puppies darthaara. This led to the fact that many studies have gone back attempts to belittle the value of darthaara independently breed. Many scholars have argued that the rough-are only part of a larger breed cops, which includes all breeds nark, regardless of the external differences. Such theories are explained simply and were under a selfish motives. Hunters just wanted to buy a new popular breed puppies drathaar prices of conventional, more accessible types of cops.
All this has led to the fact that in the mid-80s of XIX century was held a special congress where Wirehaired Pointing recognized purely German breed dogs, which took its place in the pedigree books of Germany. In addition it was strictly prohibited darthaarov crossing with other kinds of cops. This binding is punished and puppies, appeared as a result, regarded as defective.
However, official recognition of the breed a little that has changed. Do not produced a clear standard that would regulate the scope of the breed and, therefore, long-haired and cross-breeding with other types of cops were commonplace. After the puppy-mestizo no uniform standard to distinguish from the thoroughbred was impossible.
After the occurrence of the need for a single standard immediately started work in this direction. The international standard for darthaarov appeared in 1890. And two years later, purebred German schetinosherstnye began to appear at the international exhibitions.
But the development of the breed has not yet stopped. The standard has undergone two reissues over the next 50 years. The first edition came out in 1924. Since that time, the dogs began to spread to other countries in Europe and America. Last, the final edition of the standard was published in 1949 after the end of World War II. At the same time drathaar breed became popular in the USSR.
Pointing dog of noble appearance, with an attentive and energetic expression, stiff hair, providing protection to the skin completely. Movements should be powerful, sweeping, smooth and harmonious.
Length of body and height at withers should be approximately equal. The length of the body may exceed the height of 3 cm.
BEHAVIOUR AND CHARACTER:
The character of a solid, controlled, balanced, not timid before the game, not cowardly nor aggressive.
Conforms to the floor and size of dog. The muzzle is slightly lowered.
Skull: Flat, moderately wide, only slightly rounded at the sides, clearly distinguished eyebrows.
The transition from Stop: Markedly pronounced.
Nose: Well pigmented, in accordance with coat color, with open nostrils.
Muzzle: Long, broad, massive and deep; little hook-nosed.
Lips: Thick, tight and not pendulous; with good pigmentation in accordance with coat.
Jaws and teeth: Well developed teeth; strong jaws with regular and complete scissor bite (42 teeth according to the dentition formula); the outer surface of the lower incisors and vertically close contact with the inner surface of the upper incisors.
Eyes: Dark as possible, not too deep set nor protruding, with lively and energetic expression; Eyelids close fitting, well pigmented.
Ears: Medium size, set on high and broad, not folded.
Moderately long, very muscular, with a slight scruff dry.
Topline: Slightly falls in a straight line.
Withers: Well pronounced.
Back: Strong and muscular.
Loin: Short, wide and muscular.
Croup: Long and broad, slightly sloping and muscled. Wide hips.
Chest: Broad and deep, with good front, the sternum reaching back as far as possible, arched ribs.
Underline: Dry, elegantly arched; gently picked up the stomach.
Continues the line of the back is held horizontally as possible or slightly raised, but not vertical; not too thick, not too thin. It is appropriate to stop for hunting purposes (in countries where docking is prohibited by law, the tail can remain intact and should reach to the hock, holding straight or slightly saber-like).
General appearance: Viewed from the front straight and parallel; when viewed from the side of the legs are well placed under the body. The distance from the ground to the elbows is approximately equal to the distance from the elbows to the withers.
Shoulders: Shoulders sloping and well muscled. Angle glenohumeral articulation well pronounced.
Upper arm: as long as possible, well muscled and dry.
Elbows: Set close to the body, turning neither in nor out. The angle between the upper arm and forearm is well expressed.
Forearm: Dry, straight and vertical with a strong bone.
Pasterns: Slightly sloping.
Front feet: from oval to round, close-knit toes; thick, hard, resistant and well pigmented pads. Hocks parallel, not-toed paws and not mark any rack and any movement.
General appearance: Viewed from behind straight and parallel. Well defined corners of the knees and hocks; strong bones.
Thighs: Long, broad and muscular, well angulated hip joints.
Stifle: Strong, well angulated.
Lower thigh: Long, muscular, sinewy.
Hocks: Short, vertical.
Hind feet: round-oval, close-knit toes; thick, hard, resistant and well pigmented pads. Turning neither in nor out, in stance and in movement.
With good reach in the front and powerful drive from the hindquarters. Front and hind legs moving straight and parallel. Proud posture.
Tight fitting, without folds.
HAIR: The wiry, tough, tight and dense. The top coat of approximately 2-4 cm; thick, waterproof undercoat. The contours of the body should not be hidden by too long coat. Stiffness and density are required to ensure the dog the best possible protection from adverse weather conditions and damage. Wool on the lower limbs as well as on the chest and abdomen must be shorter, but with the preservation of density. The hair on the head and ears should be shorter and denser at the same time, however, did not softer. Marked eyebrows and a well-developed beard, without excessive length as possible tougher, emphasize the energetic expression.
Brown to gray hair, with or without patches.
Black to gray hair, with or without patches.
Brown with white markings on chest or without.
White or gray (the gray)
Other colors are not permitted.
Height: Males 61-68 cm.
Bitches 57-64 cm.
Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault or flaw, depending on the severity.
SEVERE FAULTS (FAULTS):
Short, narrow and sharp snout.
Sagging or humped back.
Strongly expressed highly-backawn.
Elbows clearly turned inward or outward.
Korovin, barrel-shaped or narrow hocks of the hind limbs, in stance and in movement.
Permanent amble; hoduleobraznye or mincing movement.
Sparse coat, lack of undercoat.
Weak temperament, especially the fear of shots and game; aggressive, restless behavior, a dog biting from fear.
Overshot or undershot, cross (asymmetrical bite), missing teeth (except P1), enough divorced fangs.
Entropy, ectropion; different colored eyes.
Congenital kink (thickening, adhesions) tail or docked tail.
Defects of pigmentation.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
The nature of this breed is closely linked with its hunting destination. It is therefore very important that the dog was a typical breed character. Otherwise, it will not be able to show their hunting quality. This drathaar different firm and unflinching character, however, it is easy to manage and obedient. All his determination and energy sold in the hunt and not to try to dominate the host.
Drathaar not a coward, but not aggressive, although it is more spiteful and mistrustful of outsiders compared to other cops. He has a strong sense of territory, and he is able to be a good guard. Drathaar docile nature makes him a good friend, not only for hunters, but also for their families, especially for children. Therefore, this breed has become even wind up as an affiliate, but not for hunting.
Still really your character can open only drathaar that has the ability to hunt. These dogs love to his master, but the moment between man and dog complete understanding there you have to walk a difficult path. Drathaar smart and clever, but the train was not as easy as you might think. From human need perseverance, consistency, patience and experience.
This dog is not one of those who can lie all day and look out the window. They definitely need to take some business, their life energy is so great that they can work or play all day. Dogs need company of a man alone is nervous and misses that outwardly manifested in chewing interior or forgotten in the hallway shoes.
Drathaar love to play with children: football, catch-up and other funny idea. With such a dog you will never be bored. They are so tied to its owner, that person is constantly feels the their gaze. They lie side by side and are watching you: what if the next second you give them some task.
This breed is used for hunting, but can perform many other functions. We can say that drathaar can do everything from circus performances for children to protect their territory and host. Still, it is of particular interest to hunters.
The number of awards in the working trials drathaar leader among cops.
Care drathaar no trouble to its owner. Only the exhibition copies are in need of regular care for their harsh hair - trimming. Hunting dogs and dogs - companions require combing brush once a week, wash no more than once or twice a year, those who have a beard thicker - control its purity.
As a dog a dry complexion, without moisture, wrinkles without massive skeleton, tendency to excess weight, this breed is one of the most convenient for the contents of the apartment, as well as for outdoor living. The only thing he needs this dog is enough exercise and an opportunity to move.
That is why care for a puppy drathaar is simple and consists of regular vaccinations, treatment for fleas and ticks, as well as the weekly inspection of the ears and eyes. After the walk, make sure that the baby has not been attacked by ticks and do not hurt your eyes grass and twigs. Thick leather, hard coat and a high pain threshold do drathaar immune to pain, so you should regularly inspect the puppy for scratches and other minor injuries, treating them in a timely manner. Do not leave young drathaar unattended - his courage and enterprise can cause the death of small animals and birds - the young hunter can not count his strength and does not understand the difference between a game and domestic cats, birds or rabbits.
If you plan to buy a dog for a detached house, you is fine unpretentious and versatile drathaar the content of which in the yard and presents no particular problems. By the winter on the dog grows a dense undercoat, but it is better to provide for her a wooden platform and the booth and ideally, to build an aviary. This breed is different cleanliness at regular roaming. Therefore, to maintain cleanliness in the aviary will be easy. Do not keep the dog is standing in the cage. Bored drathaar can begin to howl or learn to hunt cats and birds flying by boredom. The same applies to the content of the puppy in the apartment - ideally, grow it in the summer in the country, where his destructive tendencies puppy will not bring harm to anyone.
Drathaar having persistent character, seldom quarrelsome. As adults they are well trained, and get along with other domestic animals and other dogs. However, if you decide to buy a second dog, it is better if it would be of the opposite sex or more pliable character. DO NOT let the relationship between your pets to chance - drathaar quickly understand your firm stand and stop hunting in his backyard or apartment.
Hunters will need to pass a special dog nataska. This breed has a working test, it has specialized lines, which are supported by hunting quality. Such dogs better to buy those planning to go with them to hunt. But in any case unacceptable contain drathaar on the circuit - this breed needs human contact. The only way she can show their best qualities. Chain of this dog hunter fail.
This breed is characterized by longevity, especially if the owner knows how to care for drathaar older than 8 years. Older dogs suffer from a lack of calcium in the body, worse digested roughage, and can not always be kept in the winter in the yard. Changing the diet more nutritious, special vitamin supplements, heat and, if necessary, painkillers can significantly extend the life of your dog and improve its quality. With good care these dogs live to be 16 years old and keep their mental alertness and well-being.
Wool tough with a dense undercoat. Lin's season 2 times a year. When the content of the apartment, where the air is warm and dry, molting takes place constantly.
Comb setter 1 - 2 times a week with a stiff brush, thus, removes dead hair and the dog gets a good massage.
Bathing can be 2 times a year, a woolen blanket drathaar able to self-clean, with frequent shampooing may lose rigidity and natural qualities. Do not forget that a setter, so does not miss the opportunity to once again swim in open water.
Eyes inspect, for the prevention of inflammation, 1 times a week, wipe a damp cotton pad soaked in a weak tea leaves and chamomile.
Lop-Ear Ears ventilated dogs, waving a couple of minutes of running in them the air. Visible dirt, wipe with a damp cloth. Healthy ears nice pink color, not visible excess of sulfur, no odor. If redness, the appearance of a liquid or odor, be sure to contact your veterinarian for help.
Paws after walking inspected for wounds, splinters and cracks. When the content of the apartment, wipe with a damp cloth. The appearance of cracks on the paws, can serve as a signal that the dog gets not have enough fat. Include in the diet drathaar, 1 teaspoon vegetable oil 1 per day. Cracks can be lubricated, in the same oil.
1 once a month treat German setter antiparasitic agents against fleas and ticks (Advantix, Frontline). Do not neglect this rule, in the period from March to October, ticks are most active, and believe me, more than one pet is already paid with his life. 1 time in 3 months spend deworming (prevention of worms).
Drathaar belongs to the breed, which in any case can not be called whimsical. With proper attention to your pet every hunter, even a novice, has all chances to properly raise a dog. Nataska drathaar not require the efforts of more than a training representative of any other breed. It should be remembered - drathaar training begins from the very first months of his life.
First of all drathaar owner should understand that to raise a child and raise a dog - are completely different things. A child will imitate, repeat the steps of the father or the mother, and the puppy needs to understand what was required of him at the level of instincts and habits.
From the first months drathaar puppy should begin to teach not only the commands, much to the fact that he grew up fearless. Fearlessness water and loud noises, lack of fear of the dense thickets - that's something that should first be addressed. This can be achieved only full understanding and patience on the part of you, that is, the owners of the puppy. Training designed to overcome the fear of water, often requires considerable effort. Drathaar very good when it comes to hunting for a duck. Some owners boast that their dog just got into the water without any fear. Well, we can assume that they were lucky. But what about when the dog is completely refuses even to approach the water, and not to get into it?
Training in such cases could be a challenge for vladeltsa.Nuzhno remember - no brute force and yelling at your pet should not be manifested. Only affection, praise or treats in the form of strokes, but not shouting and, God forbid, strikes. For example, you can just walk to the waterfront and sit down. Puppy will explore the world around us and be sure to come to the water. It is possible that he just a little scared. Do not disturb him, let things happen with his will. These trips to the pond accustom him first to a simple understanding that there is in the world "wet" places. When the puppy grows up, you need to teach him to go into the water. Do not expect that he was the first in training pereplyvet river or pond, and even bring the ball to you. Go into the water about knee-deep, podzovite to a puppy. If the fit - praise - if not stay in the water for some time. Drathaar need time to get used to, get used to and understand. When the dog starts to go into the water without fear, go into the water a little further and call for the puppy. Sometimes calling is not necessary - an intelligent and devoted himself drathaar rush for the host.
Schooling dog to the sound of gunfire - it is the most important stage. If drathaar instinctively feels that it should track down, prosecute and bring production that in its genes is no information about high-profile stimulus. The best way is the following: at a distance of about 150-200 meters from the dog should make shots. Meanwhile, another person (it must be the owner) let monitors the behavior of the dog. If he feels some anxiety, you should either increase the distance or the time to divert the shot drathaar unauthorized occupation. Then, most likely, sparkle, dog only raise his head to the side shot, but is unlikely to try to escape. Gradually reducing the distance, a dog can be completely rid of the fear of the sound of gunfire.
The team "can not"
Note that this command first learn to carry yourself. You can not beat a puppy, you can not yell at him, not to encourage the pet for your understanding. Drathaar - a breed that should not bring inappropriate behavior during nataski. But it is better to prepare for the fact that the puppy will do something forbidden, and here will have to train his team "can not." Repeat this word every time the precise moment when the puppy is doing something forbidden. In no case do not yell at him for what he has done - drathaar not understand your cry, and you will begin to be afraid.
The command "To me"
Call the puppy to her, referring to him by name and add "to me." Do this each time for 5-7 days. Only then can try to call the puppy using only command. If you listen to the puppy - you start to be proud of. Discard the punishment, because it will cause only fear, but it is extremely necessary not in training.
The command "Sic" ("Carry", "Give")
Bringing production - one of the intended drathaar hunting. Accustomed to it is difficult. Often, inexperienced hunters, producing nataska dog just throw any object, shouting team and expect that they will bring a dog thrown. Practice shows that only a small percentage of puppies on a can at the very first attempt to cramming. But more often the dog will run for object, grab it and will play with him. Teach the dog to bring items to be as follows: aportirovany thing should be kept in front of the muzzle a dog, that he became interested in the subject. Then give it to grab the mouth, with say a command. If the object does not throw a dog out of his mouth, then you need to run with him, holding his leash, then again repeat the command and try to pick up the object. Repeat should be long until the dog will instinctively understand that the sound team to wear the specified object. Making bear game - is the next step nataski dog. Repeat the same steps should be, but with a scarecrow with this game. It is important to teach the dog not to eat prey.
Features of training to track production
Drathaar slowly moving forward next hunter - he sensed the proximity of production. Duck with a characteristic sound is removed from the scene, the dog takes the supine position, the hunter shoots. After the shot drathaar inviolable remains on the same spot, waiting for the command "Sic" from the owner. Agree, this example - the dream of every hunter uses a dog as an assistant. Video or book to help you when nataske dog, but it is better to trust the professionals. Independently make such fascinating results will be extremely difficult. Some hunters simply do not stand the complex and often grueling work morally and remain satisfied if only for the ability to bring the dog prey and lack of fear of the sound of the shot. But it is important to teach the dog not only to hunt down prey, but also stay close to the owner at the time of the shot. For example, a hare ran next to the dog, which will begin to chase him. This behavior causes the dog hunter does not make a shot, fearing for their pet.
For such nataski should work hard and even spend. We need to buy or make yourself a special device in the form box. It put a live quail or wild pigeon. Nataski essence is this: the dog must smell the smell of game birds, the hunter gives the command "Down" and the rope opens the box, so as to free a bird that flies. Such a repetition of the financial significantly if you do not use domestic pigeons, which are still to return home. But such training is very necessary. Believe me, this will help avoid many troubles, extra shots and persecution production.
Drathaar acquiring a puppy, be sure to have the most information about multiple nataske and general training. You can trust the masters that are guaranteed to bring up your pet, but if you give preference to their own efforts - that is a huge plus to you as a hunter.