Moscow watchdog dog - is a great service breeds. It is, of course, can not boast of a thousand-year history of many well-known breed, but its ancestry is also a great deal of interest.
The first thing worth noting is the fact that the breed Moscow watchdog conclusions of the special custom of the Soviet authorities. The origins of the breed takes with the post-war era. In World War II, except for a set of Soviet soldiers, took an active part and service dogs. Naturally this led to the fact that their numbers fell below nowhere. To remedy this situation, it was urgent to start restoration of service breeds. In the Soviet Union there were quite a few amateur breeders, who could take on this responsibility. But the Soviet elite trusted kennel "Red Star", which at the time was considered one of the best.
Breeders from the suburbs just as clearly outlined for himself the image of a new breed of Moscow watchdog and followed him respectively. They sought to bring a dog that would combine a superb guard and bodyguard, had a strong constitution, when the content of simplicity. In addition, it was necessary to work on easily trained puppies and unquestioning obedience to any commands from the host.
The main material for breeding were chosen breed Caucasian Shepherd and St. Bernard. But to maximize develop some quality in the process of crossing the species added Newfoundland, piebald hound and a German Shepherd.
AP Mazover, then head of the nursery "Red Star" personally selected the representatives of each breed for breeding. The records were taken physical characteristics of the candidate, his character, the ability to bear guard service, learning and obedience. He perceived the process of creating a new breed of as creativity. Qualified specialists creating a new breed of Moscow watchdog on the basis of his long experience.
The first representatives of the breed Moscow watchdog appeared at the Soviet exhibition service dog in 1950. It was Saint Bernard puppies named Barry and Caucasian Shepherd Ashi. Naturally full of individual species was still out of the question. Puppies have the status of Métis, even though it already has most of the characteristics of modern "Muscovites". The breed has received very favorable reviews, but the team Mazover was not satisfied with this. The new breed was still too similar to their ancestors and now the task was that to make it unique and valuable.
In general, the collective kennel "Krasnaya Zvezda" coped with the task in the 50-ies. However, further efforts have led to the fact that in 1958 was launched the first breed standard. Naturally, this was not the final version, which would indicate that the official recognition of the breed, but only a recommendation for further breeding. After the appearance of the standard breed began to develop more easily. Its development began to take an active part nurseries and other fan clubs. The final result of the Moscow watchdog dog was introduced in the herd books of the USSR in 1985. Seven years later traced modification of the original standard. This edition in the circles of experienced breeders received extremely negative reviews. Re-edition was held in 1998. Today it is the final.
Next strap to be overcome domestic dog handlers - is the recognition of the breed by the FCI. And every year in our country, for that is applied more and more effort.
General view / behavior, temperament: Moscow guard - dogs of large growth uzkotelaya with several udlinenennym body, well muscled, rough type of addition, active and agile. Males more courageous than females. reliable, obedient, self-confident, well-balanced, intelligent among guard dogs, with a strong watchdog instinct and self-contact, selflessly devoted to his master and the whole family, not exhibiting unwarranted aggression. Well-trained, can serve as a companion dog, protection, performance, and guard dog.
Proportions: Expressed as a percentage of the various parts of the body have the following proportions: Length of body to height at the withers for males 104-105%, 106-108% for females. The depth to the height of the chest of the dog is from 50% to 52%. The length of the muzzle to length of the head is about 34% to 37%.
HEAD: Massive, large, wide and deep in the skull. The forehead is broad, slightly convex, well developed eyebrows, massive occiput, well muscled, slightly released.
Stop: short, well-defined.
Nose: The nose is large, broad, black.
The muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull, broad, dull, deep, voluminous, well filled under the eyes. The length of the muzzle of the head length is approximately 34 to 37%. Profile of the muzzle is parallel to the forehead.
Lips: Thick, fleshy, black, close, but does not drop below the lower jaw.
Jaws: Powerful, wide. Teeth are large, white, tight to each other, a full set of 42 teeth, the incisors are located at the base in one line. Scissor bite, the presence of broken blades, do not interfere in the evaluation of a dog bite is not affected.
Cheeks: Well developed.
Eyes: small in size, dark, round, deep, wide and straight-set, his expression calm, confident. Eyelids black, close fitting.
Ears: small, hanging on cartilages, triangular in shape with rounded ends, tight to the front edge of the cheekbones, the above line of eyes, fringed hair on the ears.
Neck: medium length, approximately equal to the length of the head, oval, well-muscled, set at an angle of about 45 degrees to the horizon, back of the neck is well pronounced, allowed a small suspension.
The body (body): body somewhat stretched, well balanced, proportional, volume, depth.
Topline: Withers tall, muscular, back straight, strong, loin napruzhennaya, well muscled, croup of medium length, slightly sloping.
Withers: High, wide, long, muscular, well developed, especially in males. Height is desirable to slightly higher height in the sacrum.
Back: Strong, straight, wide, muscular, over the length equal to about half the distance from the withers to the root of the tail in the topline.
Loin: Short, wide, muscular, slightly convex, equal to half the length of the back.
Croup: Broad, muscular, moderately long, slightly sloping (5-10 degrees), roughly equal to half the length of the back.
Chest: Deep, long, broad, with convex edge length, significantly expanding the back of the torso. The front of the chest a few steps forward in relation to the scapula-humeral joint. Depth of chest to height at the withers is 50-52%.
Underline and belly: belly moderately tucked up.
Tail: Set on high, wide, thick, along the length reaches hock. Evenly pubescent. At rest hangs down ,. Is slightly curved at the end. In the excited state sickle rises above the back line.
FOREQUARTERS: Seen from the front - straight and parallel. Shoulders long, sloping, forming a humerus angle of about 90 degrees. Shoulders muscular forearms are straight, moderately long, massive. Elbows are directed strictly back. Pasterns short, wide, strong, slightly oblique. The length of the front leg to the elbow is equal to or slightly more than half the height at the withers.
Forelegs Paws: large, round, arched and tight, fleshy pads thick, nails of any color.
HINDQUARTERS: Viewed from behind straight and parallel, set slightly wider than the front. The hip bones are not long, put a slight slope. The femur and tibia bones are almost equal in length. The angles at stifle and hock when viewed from the side moderately expressed, clearly delineated. Hocks placed vertically, short and wide.
Paws hindquarters: oval, arched and tight with fleshy thick pads, nails of any color. Dewclaws should be removed.
Movement: characteristic gait is a short trot and heavy gallop. At the trot the limbs should move in a straight line, increasing the speed of the front legs are close to the midline, joints front and rear extremities freely are unbent. Withers and croup when trotting should be at the same level.
Skin: The skin is thick and tight, the suspension is allowed on the throat.
Coat: The coat is rough, long, close fitting, dense, with a well developed undercoat, guard hairs straight. On the front side of the head and extremities hair shorter and tight. Decorative hair is well developed in males and is excreted in the neck in the form of "mane", "feathering" on the back side of the front and hind limbs. Allowed small wave of hair on the back, rump and thighs.
Color: brown-speckled, spotted white with patches of red, orange and black, black and red, sable. The presence of red color in color is mandatory. Obligatory white chest, forelegs to the elbow and back to the lower leg, the tail end; preferably white specks on any of the colors, sunglasses, black ears. Desirable: color spots color is darker than on the body.
Dimensions: Males: not less than 68 cm, females not less than 66 cm. The preferred height for males - 77-78 cm, for bitches 72-73 cm. The upper limit of no growth. Weight: males - from 60 kg or more, females - from 45 kg.
Testes: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be regarded as a defect. Serious attitude to the defect should be proportional to its degree.
Inoporodny type. Easy to build, square format. Lethargy, excessive excitability. The narrow, light head, rounded skull, smoothed the transition from forehead to muzzle or too pronounced stop, pendulous lips completely cover the lower jaw, forming a "pocket". Pronounced interorbital furrow, deep wrinkles on the forehead and cheekbones, large areas of depigmentation on the lips, not fully pigmented nose. Ears strongly wrinkled, semi-erect, lags far behind the head. Very bright, blue eyes, raznoglazie. Convex, narrowly or obliquely set eyes, eyelids raw, strongly developed third eyelid, a sullen expression in his eyes. Caries. Cutters not located in one line. Long high-level neck, pronounced dewlap. Pronounced highly-backawn. Tail rolled ring hook with fused vertebrae at the end, docked tail. Straight lines and sharp shoulders. Short scapula or shoulder bone. Narrow mill forelimbs sharply connivent hocks. Excessive straightened angles hocks, long tibia. Weak ligaments. Related or unbalanced movement. The presence of dewclaws. Curled hair. Curly hair on the body, very short hair with no feathering. All colors other than those specified in the standard. White spot on the ears, severe asymmetry of glasses, glasses without a black stroke, no points or one-sided mask ("monocle"), glasses, do not close the inner corner of the eye. Growth of males below 68 cm, females less than 66 cm.
Disqualifications: cowardice or excessive excitability. All deviations from a scissor bite. Missing teeth (one or more teeth). Brown eyelids and nose. Amble. Cryptorchidism.
If the breed is of great importance was attached to the creation of an interesting character, combining aggressiveness to the "alien" and boundless kindness and even affection for "their". Therefore, Moscow watchdog is a unique blend of opposites.
At home with the family of its owner - a good-natured and affectionate Mishutka with which children love to play. But is it worth it to go out, he immediately turns into a formidable guard, who by the looks like an enraged bear. Awesome appearance and menacing growl, no one is left in no doubt that this dog be nice to strangers and not to flirt.
Moscow watchdog - a guard dog, guard dog, which guards and security as development is very strong. At the same time it is an intellectual with a good heart, who does not mind playing and make the company its owner. Representatives of this breed have a balanced psyche, but at the same time, easily excited and become violent at the slightest threat to those whom they consider their family.
Moscow watchdog - it is an active dog that needs to move, even if necessary to instill in her a more relaxed manner the urban dweller. You should not consider this dog phlegmatic, although the appearance may cause such associations. This is a dog that will not bark without reason or respond to everything that happens voice. She barks only when needed, while females are more talkative.
Great tendency to bark at the "Muscovites" is compensated by their ability to training, and a large percentage of uptake than in males. In any case, and "Muscovites" and "Muscovites" - a funny friends, clever and that is important to the character of the dog is very intelligent.
The only fly in the ointment for the owners of this breed is their propensity to obstinacy and periodic manifestations of independence. But it is possible to smooth the hard training and a manifestation of his own character. As a result, you get limitless given you a huge creature with good manners.
This is a serious breed that requires a corresponding attitude. Therefore, Moscow is not recommended to start guard people who are accustomed to lisp with animals, the elderly and young people. In such hands, this breed may lose their best qualities and grow cowardly, or, conversely, too aggressive, bend under him weak-willed owner.
It should be remembered that the Moscow watchdog ill will towards the strangers, including children and other animals, so do not let go of her for a walk without a leash. Despite the strong genetics, to form the correct character need a strict upbringing and timely training, so this issue needs to be given due attention.
Basic care for the Moscow watchdog - a regular comb, control of the ears and eyes, as well as ensuring a sufficient amount of traffic and excitement for the puppy in a period of growth and development. Large, slowly growing dog is still a puppy Moscow watchdog and a half years, and is fully formed only three. This applies to both physical and mental and intellectual development. Kobel- year old Muscovite - still a puppy, despite its impressive size, so care for a puppy Moscow watchdog since his last appearance in your home up to six years.
Special effort will require heavy puppies. The control diet, special supplements, regular dosage load will allow your child to grow into a beautiful big dog, without spoiling the pastern mark and not to give overfeeding cow hocks hind legs. For dogs with weak pasterns, it is important not to overload their ligaments. They often walk, but as soon as the puppy is tired, stop walking, allowing your child to rest. Gentle mode lasts until the dog begins to move readily and visually going, turning from sweet bumpkin in serious guard. This period is particularly evident in males and large females and is usually completed in one and a half years.
To breed dogs Moscow sentry in the courtyard of the content is optimal. There they can receive the necessary dose of sunlight, can move freely and not suffer from rickets. But we should not think that your puppy who lives in the courtyard do not need a walk. This is not true. The lack of the necessary experience to develop the brain does not allow dogs, it reduces the adaptive capacity and does not allow to form a complete contact with the owner - the leader. Therefore, once I made the first vaccination, the puppy needs to start walking.
Like all dogs with floppy ears, Moscow sentry need to control their condition every week. In the presence of an unpleasant smell should immediately start treatment. Claws of dogs of this breed are usually grind their own, cut hair between your fingers they should not be - it protects the paws. But the self-clean teeth, crunching bones and goodies they do not like. Therefore, an important point is how to take care of the Moscow Watchdog is a regular teeth cleaning and plaque removal. The coat of the dog is particularly in need of care during seasonal moulting. Between molts just once every 2 weeks to comb dog brush with natural bristles or comb. To combat shedding fur Furminators help.
Place for the content of this breed dog in the yard can be a cage or kennel. If it requires a permanent presence in a particular area, you can set the checkpoint - Muscovites thrive, okaraulivaya territory in this way. To put the dog on the block post should be above the age of 8 months, especially for show dogs, for which it is important to state the back and proud posture.
Moscow guard perfectly trained, so they show any kind of special training. Classes with a dog improved contact with the owner, it is taught to correctly assess the situation and to use their teeth. Dogs of this breed without difficulty tested fortress nervous system, rarely afraid of shots and generally performing well on the court, though given the tools slower than the German Shepherd.
When the puppy snaps, in any case can not pull out of hands, on the contrary - confidence to leave her in that position, which for some reason he did not like. Caught his hand can not pull teeth. It should be easy to release her other hand, take the puppy by the collar and is strictly prohibitive to the team.
Particular importance is attached to the command "to me." Never let it in a threatening tone. Repeat the command affectionately encourage delicacy. It happens that the puppy is willing runs by piece, but trying to get him not davayas hands. To avoid this, do not catch each time approaching the baby and give the treat only after a stop near the host, stroking and repeating the command "to me" and then release the puppy the command "walk". You should not only constantly recalls the dog to take the lead.
You can not punish the dog away from delinquent trainer, called her the word "me." The resulting dressing down she did not connect with his act, but with a voice command. If you want to punish the dog to come to it yourself to catch the time of the offense, throw it anything but your call is to promise her only pleasure and encouragement. Otherwise, it is impossible to achieve obedient.
Strict and even menacing tone when applied prohibiting command "fu", "no". They must be carried out strictly and applied only when necessary.
If the puppy is small, it is best to distract him and shift attention from the undesirable action. Can not be beat and it is useless. It develops only cowardice. If your puppy for a walk frightened foreign objects, it is necessary, gently beckoning him and stroking, to bring to an unfamiliar subject, give a sniff and see. You close and he will realize that there is nothing to fear. Do not let chasing cats and pigeons, to encourage aggressive dogs to relatives. Between the animals should not have hatred, because then this can lead to tragic consequences. In summer you can teach your puppy to swim, jumped into the water wand with which he played or podmanivaya him into the water. In no event it is impossible to drag the dog by force. This may cause aversion to water. Bathing is very useful, develops muscles and activates metabolic processes. Every puppy is developing training physically develops his senses and memory, all the inherent capabilities dramatically increases vitality, giving the opportunity to benefit the owner, so it is necessary for service dogs. Read books on training and learn to speak the language with the puppy, which he needs to master in 10 months at the training site as the transition to a systematic training your pet should be familiar with the basics of obedience. This command "close", "me", "no", "place", "lie", "stand". They can learn from 2 months of age.
Finally, a small creature appeared in your house. The first 2-3 days of diet and feeding regime should not be changed to move from one house to another, weaning from the mother were the least painful for a puppy. It is imperative to know which food it is already accustomed to and what his regime.
Feed your puppy at the age of 1 to 3 months. should be 5-6 times a day (six feeding Moscow guard often refuse). 3-6 months. - 4 times a day 6-10 months. - 3 times a day.
Further, the content is transferred to the puppy adult dog, ie fed 2 times per day. Feeding each puppy requires an individual approach, so the rules are approximate, particularly single serving.
Weight puppy and his appetite is determined by the rate of feeding and volume of food. His portion, he should eat until the end "in the suck-up." If your dog eats reluctantly, it is necessary to reduce the one-time summer residence of the volume or skip a feeding.
In hungry puppy food should not be much bloat after eating stomach. Overfeeding is a heavy load on the intestine, leads to belching and regurgitation, sharply reduces the activity of the puppy. Specificity Moscow watchdog is overfeeding that weakens the body and contributes to rickets, increasing the weight of the puppy and the load on immature bones and ligaments.