Island, in honor of which the breed was named Newfoundland, is a combination of arctic winds, abundance of water, and cold winters. It's hard to say how first appeared on the peninsula black shaggy dog. There is speculation that they had brought their ships Viking Life traveler Erickson, but the appearance of the breed and gave birth to another version. Some experts believe that these dogs are descendants of Tibetan mastiffs, which are known as the ancestors of most molosses - large Asian and European breeds.
Newfoundland, which received its name from settlers from England, wore a while French name Arcadia, well before this dog was called Vindlendom (this name he gave Erik the Red is the pioneer of the island). History of Newfoundland could also begin with the native dogs that belonged to the Indians. However, Indian dog had large size, so no cast-blood European molosses too, perhaps, has not done.
Among the European family of the breed known as a great opportunity for the English mastiff, Laika Viking black Belgian shepherd, Irish and Portuguese water dogs, and Labrador. It is sometimes referred to as the Spanish Alano, royal poodle and Neapolitan mastiff. The first mention of Newfoundland history dates back to the eighteenth century. Distinctive features of dog called a special love for the water, the presence of webbing on the feet, body and excellent hydrodynamics characteristic coat. The main work of these dogs is to help fishermen - they gave the man had fallen into the water and fish items, rescuing people overboard and dragged network
Interestingly, in those days, the most common were white Newfoundland with black spots. They had a large head, broad chest, solid bone, bushy tail, and average length of wool.
The first breeders of Newfoundland were the British, who replaced spotted dogs on black and long Landseer in the exhibitions did not participate, regardless of tribal marriage. Among black Newfoundland brown over time, individuals, as enshrined in the breed standard.
In Newfoundland the first pedigrees were registered in 1850. In England v1866 year as a tribute to the fashion for large dogs it was founded the first club of admirers of the breed. From Newfoundland spread to European countries, and in the 20s of the 20th century also appeared in the United States. The leader of breeding in Europe is Switzerland, where Albert Heim in 1893 founded the first continental club Newfoundland.
Brown dog of this breed appeared in Switzerland. More precisely, it was picked up by the Swiss brown color and the work carried out by his own admission.
In Russia, the history of the breed was not without attempts to create on the basis of its own Newfoundland breed, which would have enhanced characteristics. For it took "Red Star", but did not achieve much success, and "Moscow Diver" as well as other initiatives of the Soviet dog handlers, gone forever. Breeders after the collapse of the Soviet Union began to re-breed Newfoundlands. White and black coloring recently been added to the breed standard, so Landseer reappeared at exhibitions.
Legend has it that Napoleon Newfoundland even saved during his escape from Elba. Dogs of this breed as a whole during its existence helped to survive the thousands of residents of the coast. Today, the ability of Newfoundland actively used in various rescue services, including rescue on the water, and even developed a special norm for Newfoundland - rescuers.
(FCI № 50, 10/29/96)
Sled dogs to carry heavy loads. Water Dog.
Group 2 (Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossian and Swiss Mountain Dog. Section 2.2 Molossian, Mountain Dogs). Without working trial.
A brief historical review
The breed originated in Newfoundland from local indigenous dogs and the big black bear dog, brought by the Vikings after 1100. With the advent of European fishermen a host of other breeds that have helped to shape and transform the rock, but its basic characteristics are preserved. When in 1610 began the colonization of the island of Newfoundland dogs have largely gained its own morphology and natural behavior. These features allow them to withstand the harsh, extreme climate and sea storms when they carried heavy loads into the sled and served water and rescue dogs.
Newfoundland - a massive dog with a powerful, muscular body with well-coordinated movements.
The length of the body from the withers to the base of the tail is equal to the distance from the withers to the ground. The body is compact. Housing Bitches may be a little more stretched and less massive than that of males. The distance from the withers to the underside of the chest is greater than the distance from the underside of the chest to the ground.
Behavior and Temperament
In appearance Newfoundland recorded the kindness and gentleness of character. Majestic, cheerful and resourceful, he is known for his gentleness and serenity.
Massive. The head of the bitch follows the basic proportions of the head dog, but is less massive.
Skull: Broad, with slightly arched vault and strongly developed occipital bone. Stop: Noticeable but in any case not sharp.
Nose: large, well pigmented; Nostrils well developed. Color: Black, black and white and black dogs, brown on brown dogs. Muzzle: The expression square, deep and relatively short, covered with short, fine hair; the skin on the face does not form folds; corners of the mouth are expressed clearly, but not excessively. Cheeks: Soft. Bite: scissors or straight. Eyes: Relatively small, deep-set, wide apart, eyelids must not droop, exposing red conjunctiva. Eye color: dark brown in black and black and white dogs, in brown suppose a lighter shade. Ears: Relatively small, triangular with rounded tips. Well planted on the sides at the back of the skull and snug against your cheek. If the ear of the adult dog is brought forward, it reaches to the end of the inner corner of the eye, located on the same side of the head.
Strong, muscular, well set in the shoulders, long enough to provide a noble head carriage. On the neck should not be too pronounced dewlap.
The core of a massive everywhere. When viewed from the side of the body is deep and strong.
Direct and strong from withers to croup.
Strong and very muscular.
Wide having an angle of about 30 °.
Broad, full and deep with well sprung ribs.
Bottom line the chest and abdomen
Almost straight and never tucked up.
The forelegs are straight and parallel also when the dog is walking or slowly trotting. Shoulders: very well muscled towards back up with a horizontal line an angle of 45 °. Elbows: Close fitting to the chest. Pasterns: Slightly sloping. Front feet: Large, proportionate to the body, round and gathered into a ball, with firm and compact toes. Between the fingers are well-developed ear. The nails are black in black and white and black dogs, horny colors - in brown. If white fingers, claws may not be black.
Back and hindquarters
As the leading force for the carriage of goods, navigation and sweeping movements mainly depends on the hind limbs, their structure is very important. The pelvis has to be strong, broad and long. Thighs: Broad and muscular. Knee angle: well-defined, but not enough to give the impression bent limbs. Lower thigh: Strong and fairly long. Hocks low and wide apart, relatively short, parallel; turning neither in nor out. Hind feet: Strong, well-stocked. Color claws is the same as on the front paws. Dewclaws, if any, should be removed.
The tail acts as a rudder when the Newfoundland is swimming, so it should be strong and broad at the base. When the dog is standing, the tail hangs down and slightly bent at the end; he gets around to the hock or slightly lower him down. If the dog is moving or excited, the tail is carried high, slightly curved upwards, but never curled over the back and placed between the legs. GAIT / MOVEMENT. Newfoundland moves with good reach in front and good drive from the hindquarters, giving the impression of effortless power. A slight rocking back is normal. When speed increases tends to put a dog paw closer to the midline, and the topline remains level.
Newfoundland has a water-repellent double coat. Guard hairs are relatively long and straight with no curl. Easy undulation is allowed. The undercoat is soft and thick, thick winter than in summer, but always present to some extent on the croup and chest. On the head, face and ears the hair is short and soft. The front and rear legs are feathered. The tail is covered with long thick hair, but not in the form of a flag.
Black, white and black and brown. Black: The traditional color - black. The color should be as rich as possible, but when the sun allowed burnup light brown. White markings on chest, toes and (or) the tip of the tail. White and black: This variety is of historical significance for the breed. Preferably the following location of spots: black head with a white blaze going down to the muzzle, black saddle with evenly spaced spots and a black spot on the rump, exciting base of the tail. The remaining parts are to be white, the park can be represented minimally. Brown: uniform color from chocolate to bronze. White markings on chest, toes and (or) the tip of the tail. White, black and brown dogs are exhibited in the same class as black.
Height and weight
The average height at the withers - adult males 71cm (28 inches) in adult bitches 66cm (26 inches). The average weight - 68 kg in males; 54 kg in females. Large size is desirable, but not predpochitelny harmony, good health, strong constitution and the right move.
Any deviation from the foregoing points should be regarded as shortcomings, the seriousness of which is directly dependent on the extent of the retreat. General: high on lack of substance. Skeleton: the impression of looseness, lightweight skeleton. Character: aggressiveness, cowardliness. Head: Narrow. Muzzle: Long and pointed. Lips: underlined. Eyes: Round, protruding, yellow eyes, clearly visible conjunctiva. Back: roach back, soft or hollow back. Forelimbs: weak pasterns; splayed legs; feet, turning in or out; the absence of membranes. HINDQUARTERS: straightened knee angles, cow hocks, barrel hocks, feet turned inward. Tail too short, too long, the tail is kinked, twisted tail end. Gait / movement: mincing, shuffling gait, kraboobraznye movement sideways, too narrow in movement of limbs, staggering gait, crossing in the movement of the front limbs, forelimbs clear reversing in or out, short, pacing. Wool: Wool is completely open.
Bad character. Overshot or undershot, wry mouth. Smooth. Markings of any other color than white on a black or brown dog. Any color other than black, white, black or brown. Note. Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Strong and reliable, Newfoundland is not prone to aggression. If you are looking for a dog - bodyguard, this breed does not fit you. The maximum benefit of these dogs bring working in rescue services, and best of all feel being able to swim regularly.
Several phlegmatic, confident, balanced and considerate, Newfoundland suitable as a pet for anyone who loves big dogs and is not afraid to regular grooming. Such a description of Newfoundland has made quite a rare breed nowadays, when owners prefer dogs simple to clean. Room maintenance Neuf has a number of features that should be considered when choosing a breed. These dogs shed profusely, and at this time of need constant combing, which is not a guarantee that the apartment will not be wool. They do not tolerate heat due to its size, being cooled by a large amount of saliva. But they thrive in the cold, preferring swimming in the hole summer heat. Takovnyufaundlend, a description of the breed which can be recommended for keeping in private homes with the possibility to be in the house and chat with the owners.
Security Newfoundland abilities allow him to entrust children and territory. These dogs are not prone to aggression, but very rapidly react to strangers trying to enter the territory of the court or apartment. A large dog barking at the door itself will scare away enemies, but some Newfies good master and security service.
Neuf Education differs from training service breeds. These dogs are very attentive and dutiful, but not like coercion and often fiercely resist him. However, they rarely claim the dominant role in the family - the pack, preferring to remain a good uncle - a teacher and a lifeguard weak. Only serious risk can make the dog aggressive attitude towards strangers. They are well "read" people. Newfoundland, the nature of rocks which formed in the fishing villages, enabling them to focus on their own flair and protect the owner and his property only in case of real danger.
Nyufiki very patient with the children and allow them more wholeheartedly devoted to kids. They do not like children's fights, Unscrambling children to the best of his understanding and power. Find and fed out of the water lost toy, a good dive and have an innate understanding of the behavior of a drowning man. Known case of self-rescue dogs drowning children and adults.
Neuf not need long runs and active games. However, swimming, walking, moderate load must be sobaknyufaundlend breed characteristics which include a tendency to weight gain. This dog will not run by itself - its society need their own kind, or host, throwing toys or contrive a fun romp. They love to play tag with the kids, like a Frisbee, and more spotty light Newfies are actively engaged in various kinds of dog sports.
Discussing care of Newfoundland should not forget that this large dogs are prone to overeating. This excessive load on joints and ligaments forming a puppy - the prerequisites for a disease of the joints and ligaments, as well as the development of hip dysplasia.
Newfoundland ears and teeth should be inspected every week. When the plaque on your teeth, you need to teach your dog to clean teeth, and add a few spoonfuls of food in tomato juice, capable of dissolving the plaque. In advanced cases will have to remove plaque hardware because it - the cause of the majority of dental disease in dogs. If your dog likes to chew on bones and veins, that prevents her teeth from plaque.
The change in the puppy teeth occurs between the ages of 3 to 7 months and completed the advent of adult canines. The first to fall incisors and premolars latest grows - small vestigial teeth, located just behind the canines. At this time, the immune system is weakened puppy and increases the need for calcium baby. Therefore, veterinarians recommend revaccination after the change of teeth. Caring for a puppy Newfoundland at this time should be excluded high loads. In the diet are special calcium supplements.
A small amount of yellowish sulfur stick ear during ear cleaning - not a reason to worry. If the ears begin to gurgle liquid or granular selection appear red - is cause for concern. Hanging heavy ears nyufikov - a great place to pathogenic bacteria causing otitis media and ear mites. Malodorous or reddish discharge from the ears require treatment to a veterinarian.
Dogs with dampish eyelids may require additional eye care. The emergence expressed the third century - a symptom of the inflammatory process in the body of the dog. Yellowish discharge, the appearance of the film on the eye, blurred - an occasion compulsory attendance specialist.
The weight nyufiki grind nails yourself even if you constantly walk the earth, and only rarely on stones or asphalt. Therefore such a procedure, like trimming the claws may need only a sick or old dog. We spotted dogs clearly visible zone the blood vessels. The nails are cut at 2-3 mm above the area. After cutting the best place to polish trimming.
If you have a Newfoundland, its content will require considerable financial investment. The dog will need to equip the place where she could sleep peacefully, there is a spacious place sunbed and acquire the tools needed for grooming.
Sometimes owners, coming up with how to care for Newfoundland in the heat, resorted to drastic in their opinion addressing and sheared their dogs. This is not the best way out of the situation as wool rescues a dog from the heat. To protect against the heat better than a dog to provide access to cool water, offer her a chilled food, led to bathe.
At some point, you find that your lovely teddy bear (which you bought as a Newfoundland) began to turn into Strider, terrible strausёnka. And besides, is also a very brazen. It is likely that the house is simply the obedient member of the family. But on the street. ... Anyway ...
The behavior of the dog begins to have some trouble. Whether business neighbor's shepherd who passed all conceivable standards for taming, and without the approval of the owner does not dare to lift up the leg. Sighing, you look at your miracle and you go to a neighbor for advice. Then all the neighboring dog lover, then at the end - all, dwell on the fact that the district has a training platform in a depression without you and your dog. So, one Saturday (optional, of course) the day, you go on a trip to a training platform.
And here it begins the most opposite. You will immediately tell you that your dog breed (ie Newfoundland) learns bad, long, boring, but somehow trained. But the result is no guarantee you. Angry at instructors, you immediately to himself decide that your dog deserves only the first degree of OKD. And rushes into battle, taking his dog for company. The instructor is in shock, watching you with Newfoundland, trying to convince each other in their own right.
A little about the instructors. It is important to find someone who would enjoy the nature of the dog and the owner of each pair - a dog would fit individually.
I would like to warn at once that Newfoundland - intelligent breed. This is not a Shepherd. He will at first thought: why do it? And whether it is necessary to do? And I will, if I do not? What happens if I do? And in Figure I need this?!?!?!?!?! So you have to come to an agreement with Newfoundland and convince him to do, not only costs, but also a must. So what. ... As always write:
banal phrase to horror !!!!!! But what to do? First, it is necessary to establish contact with the dog.
But even established contact (which you probably already have) does not guarantee that chtodressirovka will be successful. Teach your dog will have each day. Yes Yes. And no output. And to teach only in the street, where a lot of odors, dogs, and other irritants. This, of course, sadly, but you shall afflict with it. Patiently getting wet in the rain, the wind bend (very useful when learning the command "lie"). But after months of training the dog already knows the three teams !!!!!!! "Sit," "lie down" and "stand bastard !!!!!" The last command is used: when you try to take off into the bush dog, to run past the cat to greet another dog, and just when you want to take a walk without a host, check the neighborhood for all sorts of goodies and smelly items. Dog running this command sometimes, often ignored. So some progress is evident. But the next month if the dog substituted! Dog does not want to execute commands. On the face it is written: "How do you tired of the owner and his team! Better to go to the courses of your rehabilitation as well?" And your hands are beginning to fall. It seems that everything is useless, that Newfoundland - the most stupid dog that just possibly imagine. At best, barely accustom command "Next" and then on a leash. All. You are at an impasse. And you do not know what to do. Every night you're still doing it, but still less enthusiastic. Most of habit. Instructor you maliciously hinted that you have been warned. Sometimes when looking at the brazen face a thought that the dog over you just bullied.
It is best (or worst) you get exposure. The dog just standing (sitting, lying) on the spot where you left it, and makes no attempt to move somewhere else. Or (in the second case) to decide that her life without you is not sweet, and calmly remains in place in only five inches from you. Everything else is considered to be a critical distance, and reduce his dog is not going to. But you persevere to achieve their goal. Along the way, explaining the dog that it should do what you are in command of it. Otherwise ... (Next methods of influencing a dog is strictly individual and depends on the nature of the dog).
In developing the command "Sic" do you know - loves you wearing your dog Oporto or not. In the first case, the team worked through at the time, in the second - still have to convince the dog that at least for once it should bring Oporto. A few months of fruitless sessions ... you already are thinking about changing the instructor, golf, or simply canceled classes as ineffective. And suddenly ... Your Newfoundland for the first time will not pull the cat command "fu". Then, it will quietly go near by enraged Staffa (though snapping, but still close). He sits at a distance on the team (though at working dog teams at a distance gradually teleported to your feet and closer to afford a delicacy). Even sometimes appropriate for your call. And you feel a little celebration.
And yet a couple of months, you are proud to rent with a dog exam and get the coveted first degree, in order to prove to everyone that Newfoundland - not stupid and restricted dogs. This is a dog that will work with pleasure and very beautiful, very simply need to love this breed and to understand it.
And will stand around and admiring gasp Shepherd owners who have not been able to surpass your results. And with its neighbor a trained sheepdog respectfully look at your dog, which will be proud to walk with you and do not look around, because now you need to Newfoundland went there and not be distracted by various "little things." And in the end - all, to hear from him: "I thought that all Newfoundlands stupid. But your - just clever dog !!!!!!! Wonderful !!!!!!!"
And yet you feel that much better from Newfoundland understand each other. And sometimes you will allow him some freedom, but at the same time, the dog will always feel that at the moment can not relax. And you will look with compassion on the "dog lover" who for a half-day chase the dog and can not catch it.
And the exhibition will all be just in awe what you brought up the dog! And he is very well behaved as the outside of the ring, and in the ring. And you are happy to reap the laurels of the dog trainer.
If Newfoundland - is your love for life, then it is likely, in time you'll be following their pets to educate themselves, based on the experience already gained.
And, of course, everyone chooses for himself. You can spend some effort for a certain period of time and then just enjoy the fellowship with the dog. And it is possible to combine. Ie enjoy socializing, passing all his life, making efforts so that the dog does not interfere with others and do not create problems for you (which is still to be established).
Raised Newfoundland - a splendid and wonderful dog! But his education did not have to spend a little strength. One of my friends said: The most hard work for the host - a dog to grow up to two years. So she was brought up and properly grown. For it to do both, and other necessary day by day continually.
Be that as it may, for each owner his dog is the best. Someone Newfoundland rescues, someone rolls the children sledding, and someone just living at home, creating comfort. So just get the pleasure of communicating with the wise and charming dogs - Newfoundland.