Russian Spaniel breed was finally formed and was formally recognized in the middle of the last century. But if we take into account its origin, it is considered a very ancient breed.
It is known that the first Russian spaniels breeders were breeders of noble families, who had a high status at the royal court. Famous Russian Prince Nikolai, who was a relative of Nicholas II first showed an interest in spaniels. He acquired the English breeders black spaniel named Dasha. The dog immediately got love in the house of the prince. Gradually, the popularity of the breed has grown among other aristocrats. Especially appreciated her imperatosrkie hunters.
Spaneiley mass delivery to Russia began in the early last century. We bought them mainly nobles and rich people who loved hunting. This breed hunting skills were valued at the time above all. Especially well they showed themselves in the hunt for a bird. Spaniels could smell a wounded pheasant or duck from a great distance and are almost always search for it, even in dense undergrowth. Without production such dogs before the hosts are rare. It is well known that even the king had several Russian spaniel.
During World War II, the breed has experienced a crisis in their development. Many nobles, fleeing from the horrors of war, in a hurry to sell their animals at the auction, it is not interested in those who went.
After the war, many dog breeders once again began to exhibit spaniels at various exhibitions. At that time there were only 10 members of this breed. Many of these dogs have appeared to those most pets, which breeders purchased at auction at the Russian nobility.
The lack of a serious pedigree and the minimum number of breed solutions urgently required. In the first quarter of the XX century, known at the time the organization LOOKS actively took up the raising of the breed. Her effort was brought from Germany magnificent spaniel, whose ancestry can be traced not to an English champion. Since it began development of the breed Russian Spaniel. After a certain period of time members of the public were able to get another outstanding representative of the breed, who also took part in the improvement of Russian spaniels.
A great contribution to the development of Russian spaniel at the time did Miklashevskii S., who was a member LOOKS. He actively developed the breed and became the founder of the field test, which tests the quality of working dogs. His efforts succeeded in bringing the breed to its current state. Spaniels of Leningrad nursery acquired by representatives of the various countries of the Soviet Union. Before the war, Russian spaniels were taken to Moscow from Leningrad huge parties. This situation, of course, did not like Leningrad breeders. But by coincidence, that's what saved the breed. During the hostilities in Leningrad nursery was completely destroyed, and the representatives of the breed in Russia there are only 7 dogs. Restore their strength failed leash much later.
Today Russian Spaniel is a great smart and useful animals. It is ideal for hunting birds. His flair and obedience commands make it easy to master the process of hunting. In addition, in recent years these small dogs are widely used in rescue operations Emergency Situations Ministry. Due to its great sense of smell Russian spaniel easily find people under the rubble.
A new standard Russian spaniel, pointing to the use of Russian hunting spaniel. Due to its mandatory for hunting dog field qualities: endurance, good intuition, energetic search, perseverance, innate propensity to supply Russian Spaniel successfully looking bird: the field, steppe upland, wetland and waterfowl, raises her wing and after shots of the hunter, obeying his orders , takes the battered game.
Russian Spaniel - breed standard
Spaniel is a sporting, long-haired dog of small stature. It has a strong, dry addition, relatively high legs, moderately stretched body with stretching of the index - 115-120. Males have a height at the withers - 40-45 cm, females - 38-43 cm.
Russian Spaniel refers to a person friendly behavior of his balanced-mobile.
Among the shortcomings spaniel note: general physical underdevelopment with signs of rickets or weak expression of sexual dimorphism. Males may be missing vysokoperednost, present a high back, greatly distended body. Dogs are too excitable or sluggish and phlegmatic.
When clearly visible physical disability (high set ears and short, malocclusion, loose skin, bulging eyes, and others.) The dog is removed from further breeding and exhibitions is not involved.
Russian Spaniel Breed Standard
The FCI standard is not recognized
General: Spaniel - a sporting, long-haired dog is short, slightly stocky and powerfully built. Type the constitution - strong, dry. The height at the withers in males 38 - 44 cm, females 36 - 42 cm. A typical pace on the search for a canter. Type of behavior - a balanced-moving. Shortcomings in the strong expression turning into vices: weak expression of sexual diformizma (secondary sexual characteristics), signs of rickets, general physical underdevelopment, vysokoperedosti males, highly-backawn, small prolixity over prescribed standard growth above or below the 1 cm (a malformation ) deviation from the constitutional type.
HEAD: Dry, moderately long, with an oval, moderately broad skull. Forehead slightly convex. Occipital protuberance slightly marked. The eyebrow arches are strongly developed. Lines of skull and muzzle parallel. The transition from forehead to muzzle quite pronounced. Muzzle long, wide. Seen from above, the muzzle is broad, slightly narrower than the skull, with a slight narrowing of the nose. When viewed from the side - edge of the upper lip is close to a rectangle with slightly rounded front corner. The color of the nose and lips - from light brown to black, preferably black.
• The teeth and bite: healthy, strong, well developed, tight to each other. Scissor bite.
• Eyes: Oval, moderately large, direct-cut lids. Dark brown or light brown, depending on the tone color of the coat.
• Ears: Hanging, long, wide, tight to the cheeks, bottom round, planted slightly above or at the level of the cut eye moving. End of slightly elongated ear should reach the nose.
NECK: Moderately long, relatively low set in oval section, muscular, without folds.
Withers well developed. Males relatively high
• Back: Straight, firm, broad and slightly sloping from withers to the back, muscular.
• Loin: Short, wide, muscular and slightly arched.
• Croup: Broad, moderately long, slightly sloping, muscular.
• Chest: Moderately broad, deep, long, well developed false ribs.
• Underline: Moderately tucked up. Disadvantages: too tight stomach, pribryushistost.
TAIL: Quite thick at the base, moving straight to the suspension. Docked to half its length. Dog holds the tail almost in line with back
Forelimbs: Dry, bony, when viewed from the front - straight and parallel. Glenohumeral joint angles of about 100 degrees. Elbows are directed strictly back. Forearm straight. The pasterns are bulky, slightly sloping. The length of the front legs is approximately half the height at the withers.
HINDQUARTERS: When viewed from behind - straight and parallel, set wider than the front. Sideways - with well angulated. Shin moderately short, sloping. Hocks voluminous, straight set.
• Feet: Rounded, well arched with tightly clenched fingers and thick, long hair between them.
Movement: Movements easy and free.
Coat: The topcoat is long, soft, shiny, straight or slightly wavy, close fitting. On the head and front sides of the legs the hair is short and straight. On the neck, back, sides and rump - long and thick. On the bottom side of the chest and abdomen, the back of the front and hind legs as well as the ears and under the tail Feather a long, soft, wavy forms tow and suspension, and between the toes thick hair "brush".
Color: One color: black, brown, red. Two-color: black-speckled, brown speckled, brown-speckled. Tri-color: white with spots or smears, black and brown with a tan. Vices: all not specified in the standard colors.
Any deviation from the previously listed characteristics should be classified as a shortcoming, so serious, how high the degree of its severity.
• tough, too wavy, topcoat not long enough; under-developed restroom hair tow and suspension.
• slightly loose skin and minor wrinkles, poorly developed muscles.
• high set ears.
• All deviations from the established standard: shape, cut, arm and eye color.
• small, rare or caries teeth. Pincer bite after the age of six dogs.
• All deviations from the established standard form, size, setting and state of the muscles.
• All deviations from the established standard forms of breast underdeveloped chest.
• poorly developed withers.
• Soft spin, a little hump back.
• direct, somewhat longish waist.
• excessively tight stomach, pribryushistost.
• a slight curvature of the forearm. Slightly straightened corners glenohumeral joint. Small-wrenching elbows. Mark, clubfoot.
• Insufficient angulation of joints, small saber, a little twisted approach or hock.
• narrow, elongated, flat, splayed feet.
• Short or long docked, undocked, lack of tail.
• Curly or curls at the neck and torso, disheveled, loose fitting. Short outer coat.
• skin folds and loose, the backbone of a weak, poorly developed (bednokostnost).
• too narrow or Shirokolobov, high cheek-bones head, a poorly defined transition from forehead to muzzle weakly developed eyebrows; too short muzzle, turned up muzzle not covered by the standard color of the nose and lips.
• low set ears rolled into a tube, narrow, light, short, too long, heavy, immobile.
• saggy and pink eyelids, bulging eyes.
• low withers in males.
• sagging, roach back.
• Weak, long back.
• a narrow, sharply sloping croup. but smart.
• vertically raised tail.
• Aggressive or cowardly behavior.
• All deviations from the scissors bite, regardless of severity.
• The dog has physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
The dog must have two full testicles fully descended into the scrotum
Do not think that the Russian Spaniel is exclusively for hunting. This dog - the perfect friend and companion. She is very fond of his master and is ready to spend with him all the time. Going for a walk in the woods, bring your pet. Go fishing, let also located nearby, because it prevents it will never be. To all the dignity of the breed - excellent swimmers, so they do not miss an opportunity to take a dip, if the landlord will allow such a pleasure. Having your own house with a plot, you can safely let your pet for a walk in the yard, all pre-closing gate.
The dog is very popular with the children. And this affection is very strong because Spaniel do not mind to spend their free time in the company with rebyatney. It is with them will be fun to run, to play, to execute commands. Leave alone a child with a Russian Spaniel is not terrible, because the dog is never your friend does not offend.
For other pets, it is also good and non-aggressive. Quite often this Spaniel peacefully coexists with a master's cat, and allow him to eat next to him. But other people's cats from the yard runs, as on its territory to do absolutely nothing. Having spaniel, do not start in the home of exotic animals such as hamsters or turtles. The hunting instinct could one day take over, and small animal production will be close spaniel.
On the hunt obedient, executes commands not only the owner, but also those who are close by and has a gun in his hand.
Most hunters contain Russian Spaniel in a city apartment, so you have to skip a long day pet, engage in sports exercises with him on the court.
Russian Spaniel - Content
The apartment dog assign a permanent place, but not in the kitchen or in the bedroom. To do this, use a dry and still not very shaded part of the hallway or living room away from the refrigerator, radiators, window and door. At the pet should be a mattress pad or wooden frame, covered with canvas and with a removable cover, pillowcase. Place the pet must be cleaned daily. Pet gets used to his place and calm feeling.
When the content of a spaniel in the bedrooms, public areas and the kitchen in the dog's health can deteriorate and flair of the products of combustion of gas stoves, kitchen Chad, odors and dampness, drafts permanent.
In order not to develop pet colds, do not cover the sleeping dog blanket or quilt. Spaniels are not afraid of the cold and dampness and drafts. Russian spaniel care and home maintenance can pamper your dog, disrupt the body's metabolism and make it less resistant to various diseases under the influence of the environment. Therefore, to maintain health and performance in the field and need to pick up your pet for the aforementioned conditions of the apartment and bring to long walks in the fresh air, physical exercise regularly and to determine their pet a full diet.
How to care for Russian spaniel
Young dog or puppy can be spoiled if the hunter pet family members will be constantly fed from the table or train contradictory commands. In such cases, the pet will be irredeemably spoiled become extortionist tasty.
Caring for a puppy Russian spaniel includes inventory, consisting of:
Combing and cleaning is carried out 1-2 times a week. Removes dead hair and down after a hunt, and at least 2-3 times a year. Ears inspected regularly to prevent otitis media.
Fed spaniel 2-3 times a day. Puppies give ground meat mixed with porridge and vegetables. Separately baby give broth, boiled milk with water (3: 1), or yogurt, milk products, after the raw water for drinking.
Before vaccination puppy accustomed to the tray and onto the street imposed only on the hands. After revaccination and quarantine puppy output for the toilet and exercise on a street in a quiet and clean place without shrubs and tall grass to avoid getting ticks under the coat. When the puppy turns sniffing the area, so he wants to relieve themselves. In these attempts to immediately bring to the street.
Bathe spaniel 1 shampoo once a quarter, in the sea, river or lake helpful to bathe your dog and give her the opportunity to swim, which they love to do. For sports activities: running and jumping, overcoming obstacles and commands "Oporto" balls and sticks are needed. In games puppies acquire the skills needed in the hunt: coordination and agility. Activities will allow the dog to be strong, with a movable bone. Their respiratory muscles and cardiovascular system become strong.
Excessive rest during the formation of the body dog puppies can grow physically weak, immature and inactive. Therefore, you need to socialize your pet, familiarize with their peers for collaborative games and sports. This adds puppy sociability, courage and cheerfulness. When excessive insulation puppy grows cowardly or evil.
From the first days of falling into a new family spaniel begins to learn how to live in a new environment. Raising a puppy starts from the moment of its appearance, and then we can get a true companion in the hunt, family member at home. Despite the excellent hunting makings itself the dog does not learn to use them.
The first days of the puppy
The earlier start training and the sooner the puppy will be next to the future host, the better. Typically, 2-month old dog can be picked up from her mother. Immediately necessary to prevent improper conduct. The owner should as much as possible to communicate with the puppy: to feed, walk, play. He punishes him and treated when necessary. In the first seven months of life puppy "imprinted" on the host. Once trust is established for life. Taking a more adult dog, the owner of such devotion will never get.
Starts training with the puppy get used to the nickname. He must understand that after going to the host nicknames to address him, to give a command. In fact, the name of the dog he replaces the word "Warning". Begin to teach him the name during the games, pat the dog and repeat his name. The second team - "The Place." The puppy needs to know where he can relax. In its place include sleep, relax. On the hunt litter will have it after the appropriate command associated with the place.
Proper training of young Russian spaniel. The most useful commands
On the hunt required the team "can not." It is also necessary in everyday life. So the dog call to order, forbid what he does or intends to do just. On the hunt need it because it does not give the dog ahead of time to frighten away game, throw her in pursuit. For training use feeding time. Puppy with the team held at the food dish and allow to eat only command "Take." He quickly learns to perform such simple commands.
Teach your puppy - "Sit." This is one of the most simple commands. For example, this command puppy should understand that performing some actions you can get refreshments. The team is accompanied by a slight pressure on the rump puppy. When he sat down, he receives praise and a treat.
Later start learning teams "To me", "Give" and "Search". All they are required to hunt. The principle is always the same training - team action and encouragement. The owner must develop the necessary conditioned reflexes. And of course, you need to have a lot of patience, always be friendly. Punish violations and generously rewarded for good behavior.